Effective Storm Relative Helicity (m**2/s**2)
Effective SRH (Storm Relative
Helicity) is based on threshold values
of lifted parcel CAPE (100 J kg-1) and CIN (-250 J kg-1).
These parcel constraints are meant to confine the SRH layer calculation to the
part of a sounding where lifted parcels are buoyant, but not strongly capped.
For example, a supercell forms or moves over an area where the most unstable
parcels are located a couple of thousand feet above the ground, and stable air
is located at ground level. The question then becomes "how much of the cool air
can the supercell ingest and still survive?" Our estimate is to start with the
surface parcel level, and work upward until a lifted parcel's CAPE value increases
to 100 Jkg-1 or more, with an associated CIN greater than -250 Jkg-1.
From the level meeting the constraints (the "effective surface"), we continue to look
upward in the sounding until a lifted parcel has a CAPE less than 100 Jkg-1 OR
a CIN less than -250 J kg-1. Of the three SRH calculations displayed on the
SPC mesoanalysis page, effective SRH discriminates the best between significant tornadic
and nontornadic supercells.
More details are available here. (Please open this link in another browser window.)