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SPC Publication List by Author

The following is a list of all publications produced by current members of the Storm Prediction Center's full-time staff. The list is organized alphabetically by author last name and then chronologically for each person. Those papers written while at SPC may be found online through our regular publications page.

You can also jump to a specific author alphabetically:
Phillip Bothwell | Chris Broyles | Greg Carbin | Ariel Cohen | Steve Corfidi | Jimmy Correia | Mark Darrow | Andy Dean | Greg Dial | Roger Edwards | Steve Goss | Jeremy Grams | Jared Guyer | John Hart | Ryan Jewell | Israel Jirak | Brynn Kerr | Liz Leitman | Bill Line | Patrick Marsh | Corey Mead | Chris Melick | Matt Mosier | Jeff Peters | Joey Picca | Jaret Rogers | Russ Schneider | Bryan Smith | Rich Thompson | Steve Weiss |

Phillip D. Bothwell
Storm Prediction Center

Bothwell, P.D., B.T. Smith, R.L. Thompson, A.R. Dean, and J.S. Kain, 2014: Severe weather parameter reanalysis project at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 18.2.

Dean, A.R., R.S. Schneider, R.L. Thompson, J.A. Hart, and P.D. Bothwell, 2009: The conditional risk of severe convection estimated from NWS Storm Prediction Center mesoscale objective analyses: Potential uses in support of forecast operations and verification. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Omaha NE, 6A.5.

Schneider, R.S., A.R. Dean, S.J. Weiss, and P.D. Bothwell, 2006: Analysis of estimated environments for 2004 and 2005 severe convective storm reports. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO.

Taylor, S.J., D.R. Bright, G.W. Carbin, P.D. Bothwell, and R.J. Naden, 2003: Using short range ensemble model data in national fire weather outlooks. Preprints, 5th Symp. Fire and Forest Meteor., Orlando FL.

Bothwell, P.D., J.A. Hart and R.L. Thompson, 2002: An integrated three-dimensional objective analysis scheme in use at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J117-J120.

Bothwell, P.D., 2000: Forecasting dry thunderstorms as a part of fire weather outlooks at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 3rd Symp. on Fire and Forest Meteorology, Long Beach, CA., 76-79.

Bothwell, P.D. and Carbin, G.W., 2000: National fire weather outlooks issued by the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 3rd Symp. on Fire and Forest Meteorology, Long Beach, CA, 80-87.

Bothwell, P.D., 1998: New diagnostic and prognostic tools for predicting lightning location from zero to twelve hours and beyond. International Lightning Detection Conf., Tucson, AZ, Global Atmospherics, Inc., Paper #12, 10 pp.

Bothwell, P.D., and T.L. Smith, 1998: Forecasting areas of convective weather threat using the RUC-2. Preprints, 19th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 669-672.

Xue, M., K. Brewster, K.K. Droegemeier, F. Carr, V. Wong, Y. Liu, A. Sathye, G. Bassett, P. Janish, J. Levit, and P.D. Bothwell, 1996: Real time prediction of storm-scale weather during VORTEX-95, Part II: Operation summary and example cases. Preprints, 18th Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Francisco, CA, 178-182.

Bothwell, P.D., 1995: Merging observations and model output in short-term winter weather forecasting. Postprints, 4th NWS National Winter Weather Workshop, Kansas City, MO, National Weather Service.

Bothwell, P.D., 1993: VDUC Integrated Enhanced Workstation (VIEW) interface for data access and display. Preprints, 9th Int. Conf. Interactive Information and Processing Systems (IIPS) for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, Anaheim CA, 191-194.

Murphy, A.H., C.A. Doswell III, S.J. Weiss, P.D. Bothwell, and H.E. Brooks, 1993: Probabilistic severe weather forecasting at NSSFC: An experiment. Preprints, 17th Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis, MO, 74-76.

Bothwell, P.D., 1992: An interactive SKEW-T program for combining observed and model data. Preprints, 8th Int. Conf. Interactive Information and Processing Systems (IIPS) for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, Atlanta, GA., Amer. Meteor. Soc., 135-140.

Browning, P., and P.D. Bothwell, 1990: A few words about moisture flux convergence. NSSFC Operational Notes - May 1990, National Weather Service, National Severe Storms Forecast Center, Kansas City, MO, 2 pp.

Bothwell, P.D.*, 1988: What you see is not necessarily what you get. Nat. Wea. Dig., 13, 4, 37-38.

Bothwell, P.D.*, 1988: Merging satellite and surface derived fields for nowcasting of intense convection. Preprints, 15th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Baltimore, MD, 360-363.

Bothwell, P.D.*, 1988: Analysis of a capping inversion as an aid in defining the severe weather threat area. Preprints, 15th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Baltimore, MD, 464-467.

Bothwell, P.D., 1988: Forecasting convection with the AFOS data analysis programs (ADAP - Version 2.0) NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS SR 122, National Weather Service, Southern Region Headquarters, Ft. Worth, TX, 92 pp.

Bothwell, P.D., 1985: AFOS data analysis programs. NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS SR 114. National Weather Service, Southern Region Headquarters, Ft. Worth, TX, 73 pp.

Bothwell, P.D.**, R.A. Maddox, C.A. Doswell III, and K. C. Crawford, 1985: Operational methods for increasing the reliability of information derived from conventional surface and upper-air data. Preprints, 14th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Indianapolis, IN, 402-405

Bothwell, P.D.**, and K.C. Crawford, 1983: The operational use of surface objective analysis in evaluating the potential for heavy convection. Preprints, 13th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Tulsa, OK, 372-375

Bothwell, P.D.#, 1982: Comparison of Doppler radar measurements to the simulation of deep moist convection in an axisymmetric cloud model. M. S. Thesis, Dept. of Meteorology, University of Oklahoma. 104 pp.

* Author affiliated with NWS Southern Region, Scientific Services Div., Ft. Worth, TX.
** Author affiliated with NWS WFO at Oklahoma City, OK
# Author affiliated with Dept. of Meteorology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK.

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John C. (Chris) Broyles
Storm Prediction Center

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, J.S. Grams, A.R. Dean, and C. Broyles, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part II: Supercell and QLCS tornado environments. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1114-1135.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, J.S. Grams, C. Broyles, and H.E. Brooks, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part I: Storm classification and climatology. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1114-1135.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, J.S. Grams, and C. Broyles, 2010: Climatology of convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P2.7.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, J.S. Grams, A.R. Dean, and C. Broyles, 2010: Climatology of near-storm environments with convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 16B.6.

Broyles, J.C., and K.C. Crosbie, 2004: Evidence of smaller tornado alleys across the United States based on a long track F3-F5 tornado climatology study from 1880-2003. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis, MA. [CD-ROM]

Broyles, J.C.*, R. Wynne, N. Dipasquale, H. Guerrero, T. Hendricks, 2002: Radar characteristics of violent tornadic storms using the NSSL algorithms across separate geographich regions of the United States. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, TX, 150-153.

Broyles, J.C.*, N. Dipasquale, R. Wynne, 2000: Synoptic and mesoscale characteristics associated with violent tornadoes across separate geographic regions of the United States: Part 1 - low-level characteristics. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, TX, J65-J68.

Broyles, J.C.*, N. Dipasquale, R. Wynne, 2000: Synoptic and mesoscale characteristics associated with violent tornadoes across separate geographic regions of the United States: Part 2 - upper-level characteristics. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, TX, J69-J72.

Marshall, T.P., J.C. Broyles*, J. Wingenroth, S. Kersch 2000: The effect of a low-level boundary on the development of the Panhandle, TX tornadic storm on 29 May 2001. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, TX, 559-562.

Johns, R. H., J.C. Broyles*, D. Eastlack, H. Guerrero, and K. Harding, 2000: The role of synoptic patterns and temperature and moisture distribution in determining the locations of strong and violent tornado episodes in the north central United States: A preliminary examination. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 489-492.

Guerrero, H., J.C. Broyles**, and D. Eastlack, 1998: Forecasting tornado location across the Dakotas and Minnesota. Preprints, 19th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 301-304.

* Author affiliated with NWS Forecast Office, Amarillo TX.
** Author affiliated with NWS Forecast Office, Aberdeen SD.

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Gregory W. Carbin
Storm Prediction Center

Carbin, G.W., J.L. Guyer, and E. Bentley, 2014: The 2013 tornado season: Local devastation defies below-normal numbers. Weatherwise, May-June.

Cohen, A.E., M.L. VanDenHeuvel, G.W. Carbin, and D. Bernhardt, 2014: The 5 June 2012 central Montana tornado event. NWA J. Operational Meteor., 2(2), 13-26.

Noe, R.S., M. Casey-Lockyer, C.M. Donald, J. Moulder, D. Aderhold, D. Harris, G.R. Woodall, D. Young, B. MacAloney, G.W. Carbin, M. Morrison, T. Chester, J. Roth, A. Schnall, A. Wolkin, S. Vagi, C. E. Mertzlufft, D. Sugerman, and C. Chiu, 2012: Tornado-Related Fatalities--Five States, Southeastern United States, April 25-28, 2011. Morbidity Mortality Weekly Rep., 61 (28), 529-533.

Doswell, C.A. III, G.W. Carbin, and H.E. Brooks, 2012: The tornadoes of spring 2011 in the USA: an historical perspective. Weather, 67, 88-94.

Miller, S.J. Jr., G.W. Carbin, J.S. Kain, E.W. McCaul Jr., A.R. Dean, C.J. Melick, and S.J. Weiss, 2010: Preliminary investigation into lightning hazard prediction from high resolution numerical model output. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 4B.1.

Brooks, H.E., and G.W. Carbin, 2008: On the relationship between preliminary and final tornado counts in the SPC database. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 16A.1.

Levit, J.J., G.W. Carbin, D.R. Bright, J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, R.S. Schneider, M.C. Coniglio, M. Xue, K.W. Thomas, M. Pyle, and M.L. Weisman, 2008: The NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed 2008 spring experiment: Technical and scientific challenges of creating a data visualization environment for storm-scale deterministic and ensemble forecasts. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, P10.5.

Burnett, M.L., G.W. Carbin and J.T. Schaefer, 2008: 2007-2008 cool season tornado climatology. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, P8.7.

Coniglio, M.C., J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, D.R. Bright, J.J. Levit, G.W. Carbin, K.W. Thomas, F. Kong, M. Xue, M.L. Weisman, and M.E. Pyle, 2008: Evaluation of WRF model output for severe weather forecasting from the 2008 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 12.4.

Taylor, S.J., D.R. Bright, G.W. Carbin, P.D. Bothwell, and R.J. Naden, 2003: Using short range ensemble model data in national fire weather outlooks. Preprints, 5th Symp. Fire and Forest Meteor., Orlando FL.

Kain, J.S., M.E. Baldwin, P.R. Janish, S.J. Weiss, M.P. Kay, G.W. Carbin, 2003: Subjective verification of numerical models as a component of a broader interaction between research and operations. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 847-860.

Carbin, G.W., 2003: Mesoscale Processes Associated with the Rapid Erosion of the "Cap". Preprints, 10th Conf. Mesoscale Processes, Portland, OR.

Carbin, G.W., M.P. Kay, and J.A. Hart, 2002: Preprints, 27th National Weather Assoc. Annual Meeting, Fort Worth, TX.

Kain, J.S., M.E. Baldwin, S.J. Weiss, P.R. Janish, G.W. Carbin, M.P. Kay, and L. Brown, 2002: Subjective verification of numerical models as a component of a broader interaction between research and operations. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J25-J28.

Crisp, C.A., P.R. Janish, G.W. Carbin, and A. Just, 2002: Creation of a Severe Thunderstorm Event Web Page for Research and Training Purposes at the NSSL and SPC. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio.

Bothwell, P.D. and G.W. Carbin, 2000: National fire weather outlooks issued by the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 3rd Symp. on Fire and Forest Meteorology, Long Beach, CA, 80-87.

Carbin, G.W.*, 1997: Analysis of a splitting severe thunderstorm using the WSR-88D. NWS Eastern Region WSR-88D Operational Note Nr. 08, National Weather Service, Eastern Region Headquarters, Bohemia, NY, 8 pp.

* Author affiliated with NWS WFO Wilmington, NC

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Ariel E. Cohen
Storm Prediction Center

Cohen, A.E., M.L. VanDenHeuvel, G.W. Carbin, and D. Bernhardt, 2014: The 5 June 2012 central Montana tornado event. NWA J. Operational Meteor., 2(2), 13-26.

Hurlbut, M.M., and A.E. Cohen, 2014: Environments of northeast U.S. severe thunderstorm events from 1999 to 2009. Wea. Forecasting, 29, 3-22.

Kessler, E., A.E. Cohen, S.F. Corfidi, and S.J. Corfidi, 2013: Easing into Norman: Ed Kessler on the origins and growth of the National Severe Storms Laboratory. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 94, 1645-1648.

Cohen, A.E., and P. Santos, 2012: South Florida flash flooding events. Electronic J. Oper. Meteor. 13 (11), 151-172.

Cohen, A.E.*, 2010: Synoptic-scale analysis of tornado producing tropical cyclones along the Gulf Coast. Nat. Wea. Dig., 34:2, 99-116.

Cohen, A.E.*, 2010: Indices of violent tornado environments. NWA Electronic J. Operational Meteor., 2010-EJ-6.

Cohen, A.E.* and J.P. Cangialosi, 2010: An observational and high-resolution model analysis of gale wind events in the Gulf of California. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 613-626.

Cohen, A.E.*, and J.P. Cangialosi, 2010: An observational and high-resolution model analysis of gale wind events in the Gulf of California. Preprints, 90th Amer. Meteor. Soc. Annual Meeting, 2.5.

Cohen, A.E.*, E. Christensen, C.A. Juckins, J.P. Cangialosi, C. Lauer, H.D. Cobb, and M. Nelson, 2010: The implementation of the Graphical Forecast Editor for a national center marine domain. Preprints, 90th Amer. Meteor. Soc. Annual Meeting, 7B.7.

Cohen, A.E.**, J. Schauer Clark, and J. P. Cangialosi, 2009: Tropical Atlantic and tropical east Pacific areas January through April 2009. Mariners Weather Log, 53 (2).

Cohen, A.E.***, and E.R. Mansell, 2008: Flash rate, electrical, microphysical, and dynamical relationships across a simulated storm spectrum. Preprints, 3rd Conf. on Meteorological Applications of Lightning Data, 4.5.

Cohen, A.E.****, 2008: Montana severe weather climatology using Geographic Information System and Google Earth. NWS Tech. Attachment 08-11.

Cohen, A.E.*****, 2008: Flash rate, electrical, microphysical, and kinematic relationships across a simulated storm spectrum. M.S. thesis, University of Oklahoma, 71 pp.

Cohen, A.E.*****, M.C. Coniglio, S.F. Corfidi, and S.J. Corfidi, 2007: Discrimination of mesoscale convective system environments using sounding observations. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 1045-1062.

Cohen, A.E.*****, M.C. Coniglio, S.F. Corfidi, and S.J. Corfidi, 2007: Discrimination of mesoscale convective system environments using sounding observations. Preprints, 23rd Conf. on Severe Local Storms, 2.4.

Cohen, A.E.*****, M.C. Coniglio, S.F. Corfidi, and S.J. Corfidi, 2006: Discriminating among non severe, severe, and derecho-producing mesoscale convective system environments. Preprints, Severe Local Storms Symposium, 86th AMS Annual Meeting, P1.15.

Box, J.E., and A.E. Cohen******, 2006: Upper-air temperatures around Greenland: 19642005. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L12706, doi:10.1029/2006GL025723.

* Author affiliated with NWS WFO Jackson, MS

** Author affiliated with National Hurricane Center (NWS/NCEP)

*** Author affiliated with CIMMS, Norman, OK

**** Author affiliated with NWS WFO Great Falls, MT

***** Author affiliated with School of Meteorology, University of Oklahoma

****** Author affiliated with Ohio State University

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Stephen F. Corfidi
Storm Prediction Center

Kessler, E., A.E. Cohen, S.F. Corfidi, and S.J. Corfidi, 2013: Easing into Norman: Ed Kessler on the origins and growth of the National Severe Storms Laboratory. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 94, 1645-1648.

Coniglio, M.C., S.F. Corfidi, and J.S. Kain, 2012: Views on applying RKW theory: An illustration using the 8 May 2009 derecho-producing convective system. Mon. Wea. Rev., 140, 1023-1043.

Coniglio, M.C., S.F. Corfidi, and J.S. Kain, 2011: Environment and early evolution of the 8 May 2009 derecho-producing convective system. Mon. Wea. Rev., 139, 1083-1102.

Corfidi, S.F., S.J. Weiss, J.S. Kain, S.J. Corfidi, R.M. Rabin, and J.J. Levit, 2010: Revisiting the 3-4 April 1974 Super Outbreak of tornadoes. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 465-510.

Corfidi, S.F., M.C. Coniglio, and J.S. Kain, 2010: Environment and early evolution of the 8 May 2009 "Super Derecho". Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 3B.2.

Corfidi, S.F., S.J. Corfidi, and D.M. Schultz, 2008: Elevated convection and castellanus: Ambiguities, significance and questions. Wea. Forecasting, 23, 1280-1303.

Coniglio, M.C., H.E. Brooks, S.J. Weiss, and S. F. Corfidi, 2007: Forecasting the maintenance of quasi-linear mesoscale convective systems. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 556-570.

Horgan, K. L., D.M. Schultz, J. E. Hales, Jr., S.F. Corfidi, and R.H. Johns, 2007: A Five-year climatology of elevated severe convective storms in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 1031-1044.

Corfidi, S.F., S.J. Corfidi, D.A. Imy and A.L. Logan, 2006: A preliminary study of severe wind-producing MCSs in environments of limited moisture. Wea. Forecasting, 21, 715-734

Gasbarro, M.R., R.P. Lowther, and S.F. Corfidi, 2006: Forecasting mesoscale convective complex movement in central South America. Natl. Wea. Dig., 30. 68-76.

Corfidi, S.F., and S.J. Corfidi, 2006: Toward a better understanding of elevated convection. Preprints, 23nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO.[CD-ROM]

Corfidi, S.J., and S.F. Corfidi, 2006: Non-meteorological constraints that affect convective weather forecasting. Preprints, 23rd Conference on Severe Local Storms, Amer. Meteor. Soc., St. Louis, MO, CD-ROM.

Coniglio, M.C., and S.F. Corfidi, 2006: Forecasting the speed and longevity of severe mesoscale convective systems. Preprints, 86th Annual Meeting Severe Local Storms Special Symposium, Amer., Meteor. Soc., Atlanta, GA, CD-ROM.

Horgan, K.L., D.M. Schultz, R.H. Johns, S.F. Corfidi, and J.E. Hales, 2006: A five-year climatology of elevated severe convective storms in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. Preprints, 5th Annual AMS Student Conf., Amer., Meteor. Soc., Atlanta, GA, [CD-ROM]

Cohen, A.E., M.C. Coniglio, S.F. Corfidi, and S.J. Corfidi, 2006: Discriminating among non-severe, severe, and derecho-producing mesoscale convective system environments. Preprints, 86th Annual Meeting Severe Local Storms Special Symposium, Amer., Meteor. Soc., Atlanta, GA, CD-ROM.

Rabin, R.M., S.F. Corfidi, J.C. Brunner, and C.E. Hane, 2004: Detecting winds aloft from water vapour satellite imagery in the vicinity of storms. Weather, 59, 251-260.

Corfidi, S.F., J.J. Levit, and S.J. Weiss, 2004: The Super Outbreak: Outbreak of the century. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA. [CD-ROM]

Corfidi, S.F., D.A. Imy, S.J. Taylor, and A. Logan, 2004: A preliminary investigation of derecho-producing MCSs in environments of very low dew points. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis, MA. [CD-ROM]

Corfidi, S.F., 2003: Cold pools and MCS propagation: Forecasting the motion of downwind-developing MCSs. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 997-1017.

Edwards, R., S.F. Corfidi, R.L. Thompson, J.S. Evans, J.P. Craven, J.P. Racy, D.W. McCarthy, and M.D. Vescio, 2001: Storm Prediction Center forecasting issues related to the 3 May 1999 tornado outbreak. Wea. Forecasting, 17, 544-558.

Evans, J.S., and S.F. Corfidi, 2000: Genesis and evolution of the 4 June 1999 derecho. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 405-408.

Corfidi, S. F., 1999: The birth and early years of the Storm Prediction Center. Wea. Forecasting, 14, 507-525.

Grice, G.K., R.J. Trapp, S.F. Corfidi, R. Davies-Jones, C.C. Buonanno, J.P. Craven, K.K. Droegemeier, C. Duchon, J.V. Houghton, R.A. Prentice, G. Romine, K. Schlachter, K.K. Wagner, 1999: The golden anniversary celebration of the first tornado forecast. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 80, 1341 1348.

Corfidi, S.F., 1998: Some thoughts on the role mesoscale features played in the 27 May 1997 central Texas tornado outbreak. Preprints, 19th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 626-629.

Corfidi, S.F., 1998: Forecasting MCS mode and motion. Preprints, 19th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 626-629.

Corfidi, S.F., 1996: The colors of twilight. Weatherwise, 49, 3, 14-19.

Corfidi, S.F., 1996: The development and movement of warm-season haze over the central and eastern United States. Nat. Wea. Dig., 20, 3, 2-14.

Corfidi, S.F.*, 1996: On the movement of mesoscale convective complexes. M. S. Thesis, Dept. of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, 123 pp.

Corfidi, S.F.*, 1996: Predicting the movement of mid-latitude mesoscale convective complexes. Wea. Forecasting, 11, 41-46.

Corfidi, S.F.**, 1993: Lost Horizons - The nature and origin of warm-season haze over the eastern United States. Weatherwise, 46, 3, 12-17.

Uccellini, L.W., S.F. Corfidi**, N.W. Junker, P.J. Kocin, and D.A. Olson, 1992: Report on the surface analysis workshop held at the National Meteorological Center. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 73, 459-472.

Corfidi, S.F.**, 1991: Manual of operational surface analysis for the Meteorological Operations Division of the National Meteorological Center. 22 pp.

Olson, D.A., S.F. Corfidi**, J.L. Czarniecki, W.G. Haggard, and N.W. Junker, 1991: Surface Analysis Review Committee Report. NMC/Meteorological Operations Division.

Corfidi, S.F.**, F.H. Glass and N.W. Junker, 1990: The Louisiana-Texas flash flood of 15-16 November 1987. Preprints, 16th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Kananaskis Park, AB, Canada, 627-633.

Corfidi, S.F.**, and G.A. Gayno, 1990: Some visual aspects on the development of a Plains mesoscale convective system. Wea. Forecasting, 5, 172-180.

Corfidi, S.F.**, and K.A. Comba, 1989: The Meteorological Operations Division of the National Meteorological Center. Wea. Forecasting, 4, 343-366.

Corfidi, S.F.**, and H. Brandli, 1986: GOES views aircraft distrails, Nat. Wea. Dig., 11, 2, 37-39.

Ferguson, E.W., F.P Ostby, P.W. Leftwich, Jr., W.E. Carle, S.F. Corfidi**, R. G. Cundy, and W. D. Hirt, 1985: The tornado season of 1983. Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 395-404.

Zurndorfer, E. A., and S.F. Corfidi**, 1980: The use of a multivariate logic model for predicting quantitative precipitation. NOAA/NWS Techniques Development Laboratory Office Note 80-4, 12 pp.

* Author affiliated with Dept. of Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University
** Author affiliated with Hydrometeorological Prediction Center (NWS/NCEP)

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James Correia Jr.
Storm Prediction Center

Melick, C.J., I.L. Jirak, J. Correia Jr., A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2014: Exploration of the NSSL Maximum Expected Size of Hail (MESH) product for verifying experimental hail forecasts in the 2014 spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P76.

Jirak, I.L., M. Coniglio, A.J. Clark, J. Correia Jr., K.H. Knopfmeier, C.J. Melick, S.J. Weiss, J.S. Kain, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, K. Brewster, Y. Wang, Y. Jung, and S. Willington, 2014: An overview of the 2014 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P46.

Melick, C.J, I.L. Jirak, J. Correia Jr., A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2013: Utility of objective verification metrics during the 2013 HWT spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 38th NWA Annual Meeting, Charleston, SC, Natl. Wea. Assoc., P1.27.

Clark, A.J., J. Gao, P.T. Marsh*, T. Smith, J.S. Kain, J. Correia, M. Xue, and F. Kong, 2013: Tornado pathlength forecasts from 2010 to 2011 using ensemble updraft helicity. Wea. Forecasting, 28, 387?407.

Clark, A.J., S.J. Weiss, J.S. Kain, I.L. Jirak, M. Coniglio, C.J. Melick, C. Siewert, R.A. Sobash, P.T. Marsh, A.R. Dean, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, Y. Wang, K. Brewster, J. Gao, X. Wang, J. Du, D.R. Novak, F.E. Barthold, M.J. Bodner, J.J. Levit, C.B. Entwistle, T.L. Jensen, and J. Correia Jr., 2012: An overview of the 2010 Hazardous Weather Testbed Experimental Forecast Program spring experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Sci., 93, 55-74.

Jirak, I.L., C.J. Melick, A.R. Dean, S.J. Weiss, and J. Correia Jr., 2012: Investigation of an automated temporal disaggregation technique for convective outlooks during the 2012 Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P9.137.

Miller, S.D. Jr., J.S. Kain, P.T. Marsh, A.J. Clark, M.C. Coniglio, V. Lakshmanan, J. Correia Jr., D.A. Imy, S.R. Dembek, I.L. Jirak, S.J. Weiss, A.R. Dean, C.J. Melick, R. Sobash, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2012: Assessment of timing and coverage of convection during the 2012 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Forecasting Experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, 10.3.

Melick, C.J, I.L. Jirak, A.R. Dean, J. Correia Jr., and S.J. Weiss, 2012: Real time objective verification of convective forecasts: 2012 HWT Spring Forecast Experiment. Preprints, 37th Natl. Wea. Assoc. Annual Meeting, Madison, WI, P1.52.

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Mark A. Darrow
Storm Prediction Center

Darrow, M. A., and M. L. Rehbein, 1996: A preliminary investigation of west coast convection during the cool season. Preprints, 18th Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Francisco, CA, 685-688.

Darrow, M. A.*, 1995: Flow patterns conducive for heavy snow in the northern Big Horn Mountains of north central Wyoming. Nat. Wea. Dig., 19, 4, 2-9.

Darrow, M. A.*, and J. S. Evans, 1993. Orographically induced heavy snow event in the Big Horn Mountains. NWS Central Region Tech. Attachment CR-93-11, National Weather Service, Central Region Headquarters, Kansas City, MO, 8 pp.

* Author affiliated with NWS WSO at Sheridan, WY.

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Andrew R. Dean
Storm Prediction Center

Bothwell, P.D., B.T. Smith, R.L. Thompson, A.R. Dean, and J.S. Kain, 2014: Severe weather parameter reanalysis project at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 18.2.

Anderson-Frey, A.K., Y.P. Richardson, A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson, and B.T. Smith, 2014: Tornado environments, metrics, and warnings: Lessons from a ten-year climatology. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 4B.6.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, A.R. Dean, P.T. Marsh, R. Wagenmaker, G. Mann, M.J. Hudson, and J.T. Ferree, 2014: Demonstrating the utility of conditional probabilities of tornado damage rating in the impact-based warning era. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P89.

Melick, C.J., I.L. Jirak, J. Correia Jr., A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2014: Exploration of the NSSL Maximum Expected Size of Hail (MESH) product for verifying experimental hail forecasts in the 2014 spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P76.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, and A.R. Dean, 2014: The Storm Prediction Center tornadic storm and environment database: Development and application. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 17.1.

Melick, C.J, I.L. Jirak, J. Correia Jr., A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2013: Utility of objective verification metrics during the 2013 HWT spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 38th NWA Annual Meeting, Charleston, SC, Natl. Wea. Assoc., P1.27.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, A.R. Dean, and P.T. Marsh, 2013: Spatial distributions of tornadic near-storm environments by convective mode. Electronic J. Severe Storms Meteor., 8 (5), 1-22.

Twiest, B.L., B.T. Smith, H.E. Brooks, R.L. Thompson, P. Marsh, A.R. Dean, and C.J. Melick, 2013: Localizing tornado climatology in the contiguous United States: An environmental parameter and convective mode focus. Preprints, 20th Conf. on Applied Climatology, Austin, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 4.5.

Smith, B.T., T.E. Castellanos, A.C. Winters, C.M. Mead, A.R. Dean, and R.L. Thompson, 2013: Measured severe convective wind climatology and associated convective modes of thunderstorms in the contiguous United States, 2003-09. Wea. Forecasting, 28, 229-236.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part III: Tropical cyclone tornadoes. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1507-1519.

Clark, A.J., S.J. Weiss, J.S. Kain, I.L. Jirak, M. Coniglio, C.J. Melick, C. Siewert, R.A. Sobash, P.T. Marsh, A.R. Dean, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, Y. Wang, K. Brewster, J. Gao, X. Wang, J. Du, D.R. Novak, F.E. Barthold, M.J. Bodner, J.J. Levit, C.B. Entwistle, T.L. Jensen, and J. Correia Jr., 2012: An overview of the 2010 Hazardous Weather Testbed Experimental Forecast Program spring experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Sci., 93, 55-74.

Miller, S.D. Jr., J.S. Kain, P.T. Marsh, A.J. Clark, M.C. Coniglio, V. Lakshmanan, J. Correia Jr., D.A. Imy, S.R. Dembek, I.L. Jirak, S.J. Weiss, A.R. Dean, C.J. Melick, R. Sobash, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2012: Assessment of timing and coverage of convection during the 2012 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Forecasting Experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, 10.3.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2012: Nonsupercell tropical cyclone tornadoes: Documentation, classification and uncertainties. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, 9.6.

Herzog, B.S., C.J. Melick, J.S. Grams, I.L. Jirak, A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2012: Usefulness of storm-scale model guidance for forecasting dry thunderstorms at SPC. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, P8.123.

Jirak, I.L., C.J. Melick, A.R. Dean, S.J. Weiss, and J. Correia Jr., 2012: Investigation of an automated temporal disaggregation technique for convective outlooks during the 2012 Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P9.137.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, H.E. Brooks, A.R. Dean, and K.L. Elmore, 2012: Diagnosis of conditional maximum tornado probabilities. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P2.2.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, A.R. Dean, and P.T. Marsh, 2012: Spatial distributions of tornadic near-storm environments by convective mode. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, 9.5.

Dean, A.R., and R.S. Schneider, 2012: An examination of tornado environments, events, and impacts from 2003-2012. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P6.0.

Melick, C.J, I.L. Jirak, A.R. Dean, J. Correia Jr., and S.J. Weiss, 2012: Real time objective verification of convective forecasts: 2012 HWT Spring Forecast Experiment. Preprints, 37th Natl. Wea. Assoc. Annual Meeting, Madison, WI, P1.52.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, J.S. Grams, A.R. Dean, and C. Broyles, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part II: Supercell and QLCS tornado environments. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1114-1135.

Barthold, F.E., M. J. Bodner, D.R. Novak, R. Bann, R. Oravec, B. Sullivan, A.R. Dean, I.L. Jirak, C.J. Melick, R.A. Sobash, A.J. Clark, F. Kong, S.J. Weiss, and M. Xue, 2011: The quantitative precipitation forecasting component of the 2010 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment. Preprints, 24th Conf. Weather and Forecasting/20th Conf. Numerical Weather Prediction, Seattle, WA, Amer. Meteor. Soc.

Sobash, R.A., J.S. Kain, D.R. Bright, A.R. Dean, M.C. Coniglio, and S.J. Weiss, 2011: Probabilistic forecast guidance for severe thunderstorms based on the identification of extreme phenomena in convection-allowing model forecasts. Wea. Forecasting, 26, 714-728.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2010: Objective environmental analyses and convective modes for United States tropical cyclone tornadoes from 2003-2008. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P3.2.

Sobash, R., J.S. Kain, M.C. Coniglio, A.R. Dean, D.R. Bright, and S.J. Weiss, 2010: Using convection-allowing models to produce forecast guidance for severe thunderstorm hazards via a "surrogate severe" approach. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 14.3.

Christenberry, A., A.L. Lamers, B.A. Mejia, A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2010: A multi-tiered verification of SPC tornado watches. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P4.4.

Miller, S.J. Jr., G.W. Carbin, J.S. Kain, E.W. McCaul Jr., A.R. Dean, C.J. Melick, and S.J. Weiss, 2010: Preliminary Investigation into Lightning Hazard Prediction from High Resolution Numerical Model Output. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 4B.1.

Dean, A.R., 2010: An analysis of clustered tornado events. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P2.19.

Weiss, S.J., A.J. Clark, I.L. Jirak, C.J. Melick, C. Siewert, R.A. Sobash, P.T. Marsh, A.R. Dean, J.S. Kain, M. Coniglio, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, J. Du, D.R. Novak, F. Barthold, M.J. Bodner, J.J. Levit, C.B. Entwistle, R.S. Schneider, and T.L. Jensen, 2010: An overview of the 2010 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 7B.1.

Davis, J.M., A.R. Dean, and J.L. Guyer, 2010: A detailed analysis of SPC "high risk" outlooks, 2003-2009. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 8B.6.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, J.S. Grams, A.R. Dean, and C. Broyles, 2010: Climatology of near-storm environments with convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 16B.6.

Schneider, R.S., A.R. Dean, and H.E. Brooks, 2009: Estimating potential severe weather societal impacts using probabilistic forecasts issued by the NWS Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Omaha NE, 5B.5.

Dean, A.R., R.S. Schneider, R.L. Thompson, J.A. Hart, and P.D. Bothwell, 2009: The conditional risk of severe convection estimated from NWS Storm Prediction Center mesoscale objective analyses: Potential uses in support of forecast operations and verification. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Omaha NE, 6A.5.

Schneider, R.S., and A.R. Dean, 2008: A comprehensive 5-year severe storm environment climatology for the continental United States. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 16A.4.

Kain, J.S., S.J. Weiss, S.R. Dembek, J.J. Levit, D.R. Bright, J.L. Case, M. Coniglio, A.R. Dean, and R, Sobash, 2008: Severe weather forecast guidance from the first generation of large domain convection-allowing models: Challenges and opportunities. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 12.1.

Sobash, R., D.R. Bright, A.R. Dean, J.S. Kain, M. Coniglio, S.J. Weiss and J.J. Levit, 2008: Severe storm forecast guidance based on explicit identification of convective phenomena in WRF model forecasts. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 11.3.

Dean, A.R., and R.S. Schneider, 2008: Forecast challenges at the NWS Storm Prediction Center relating to the frequency of favorable severe storm environments. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 9A.2.

Schneider, R.S., A.R. Dean, S.J. Weiss, and P.D. Bothwell, 2006: Analysis of estimated environments for 2004 and 2005 severe convective storm reports. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM]

Dean, A.R., and J.T. Schaefer, 2006: PDS watches: How dangerous are these "particularly dangerous situations?" Preprints, 23nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM]

Dean, A.R., and D.A. Imy, 2006: A look at the tornado report and watch climatology for the continental United States from 1986-2005. Preprints, 23nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM]

Dean, A.R., R.S. Schneider, and J.T. Schaefer, 2006: Development of a comprehensive severe weather forecast verification system at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 23nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM]

Dean, A.R. and J.T. Schaefer, 2006: The skill of forecasting relatively isolated severe thunderstorm events. Preprints, 18th Conf. Probability and Statistics in the Atmos. Sciences. Atlanta, GA. [CD-ROM]

Dean, A.R. *, and B.H. Fiedler, 2002: Forecasting warm-season burnoff of low clouds at the San Francisco International Airport using linear regression and a neural network. J. Appl. Meteor., 41, 629-639.

* Author affiliated with University of Oklahoma.

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Greg L. Dial
Storm Prediction Center

Dial, G.L., J.P. Racy and R.L. Thompson, 2010: Short-term convective mode evolution along synoptic boundaries. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 1430-1446.

Dial, G.L., and J.P. Racy, 2004: Forecasting short term convective mode and evolution for severe storms initiated along synoptic boundaries. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA.

Robbins, G.T., and G.L. Dial*, 1994: A case study of orographic enhancement of helicity In the lee of the Appalachians. NWS Eastern Region Tech. Attachment No. 94-4A, National Weather Service, Eastern Region Headquarters, Bohemia, NY, 13 pp.

Vescio, M.D., K.K. Keeter, G.L. Dial*, P. Badgett, and A.J. Riordan, 1993: A low-top weak-reflectivity severe weather episode along a thermal/moisture boundary In eastern North Carolina. Preprints: 17th Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis, MO, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 628-632.

Dial, G.L.**, 1992: Usefulness Of wind profiler data for short-term forecasting during a heavy snow event In north Texas. NWS Southern Region Tech. Attachment SR/SSD 92-6, National Weather Service, Southern Region Headquarters, Ft. Worth, TX, 7 pp.

Dial, G.L.#, 1990: A study of the mesoscale and synoptic-scale heat and moisture budgets in the vicinity of a mesoscale convective complex. M.S. Thesis, Dept. of Meteorology, Texas A.&M. University.

* Author affiliated with NWS WFO Raleigh, NC
** Author affiliated with NWS WFO Fort Worth, TX
# Author affiliated with Dept. of Meteorology, Texas A.&M. University

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Roger Edwards
Storm Prediction Center

Edwards, R., and R.L. Thompson, 2014: Reversible CAPE in tropical cyclone tornado regimes. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P88.

Edwards, R., 2014: Characteristics of supercellular satellite tornadoes. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 17.5.

Monteverdi, J.P., R. Edwards, and G.J. Stumpf, 2014: An analysis of the 7 July 2004 Rockwell Pass, California, tornado: Highest-elevation tornado documented in the United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 3925-3943.

Bunkers, M.J., D.A. Barber, R.L. Thompson, R. Edwards, and J.M. Garner, 2014: Choosing a universal mean wind for supercell motion prediction. NWA Electronic J. Oper. Meteor., 2 (11), 115-129.

Edwards, R., J.G. LaDue, J.T. Ferree, K. Scharfenberg, C. Maier, and W.L. Coulbourne, 2013: Tornado intensity estimation: Past, present and future. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 94, 641-653.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part III: Tropical cyclone tornadoes. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1507-1519.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2012: Nonsupercell tropical cyclone tornadoes: Documentation, classification and uncertainties. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, 9.6.

Edwards, R., 2012: Tropical cyclone tornadoes: A review of knowledge in research and prediction. Electronic J. Severe Storms Meteor., 7 (6), 1-61.

Naylor, J., M.S. Gilmore, R.L. Thompson, R. Edwards, and R.B. Wilhelmson, 2012: Comparison of objective supercell identification techniques using an idealized cloud model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 140, 2090-2102.

Edwards, R., 2010: Tropical cyclone tornado records for the modernized NWS era. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P3.1.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2010: Objective environmental analyses and convective modes for United States tropical cyclone tornadoes from 2003-2008. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P3.2.

Edwards, R., and H.E. Brooks, 2010: Possible impacts of the Enhanced Fujita Scale on United States tornado data. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P8.28.

Edwards, R., J.G. LaDue, J.T. Ferree, K. Scharfenberg, C. Maier, and W.L. Coulbourne, 2010: The Enhanced Fujita scale: Past, present and future. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P4.1.

Burkett, L., M. S. Gilmore, R.L. Thompson, R. Edwards, J.M. Straka, and R.B. Wilhelmson, 2010: Characteristics of supercells simulated with tornadic and non-tornadic RUC-2 proximity soundings. Part I: Sensitivity to convective initiation mechanisms. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P8.23.

Gilmore, M.S., L. Burkett, R. Edwards, and R.L. Thompson, 2010: Characteristics of supercells simulated with tornadic and non-tornadic RUC-2 proximity soundings. Part II: Sounding variables as predictors of simulated low-level rotation. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 7A.1.

Naylor, J., M.S. Gilmore, R.L. Thompson, and R. Edwards, 2010: Characteristics of supercells simulated with tornadic and non-tornadic RUC-2 proximity soundings. Part III: Comparisons at tornado-resolving grid spacing. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P10.20.

Monteverdi, J.P., and R. Edwards, 2010: The redevelopment of a warm-core structure in Erin: A case of inland tropical storm formation. Electronic J. Severe Storms Meteor., 5 (6), 1-18.

Edwards, R., and R.L. Thompson, 2009: Comments on "The North Dakota tornadic supercells of 18 July 2004: Issues concerning high LCL heights and evapotranspiration". Wea. Forecasting, 24, 1149-1158.

Houston, A.L., R.L. Thompson and R. Edwards, 2008: The optimal bulk wind differential depth and the utility of the upper-tropospheric storm-relative flow for forecasting supercells. Wea. Forecasting, 23, 825-837.

Edwards, R., 2008: Tropical cyclone tornadoes -- a research and forecasting overview. Part 1: Climatologies, distribution and forecast concepts. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 7A.1.

Monteverdi, J.P., and R. Edwards, 2008: Documentation of the overland reintensification of Tropical Storm Erin over Oklahoma. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, P4.6.

Cerveny, R.S., J. Lawrimore, R. Edwards, and C. Landsea, 2007: Extreme weather records: Compilation, adjudication, and publication. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 88, 853-860.

Thompson, R.L., C.M. Mead and R. Edwards, 2007: Effective storm-relative helicity and bulk shear in supercell thunderstorm environments. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 102-115.

Edwards, R., and S.J. Hodanish, 2006: Photographic documentation and environmental analysis of an intense, anticyclonic supercell on the Colorado plains. Mon. Wea. Rev., 134, 3753-3763.

Edwards, R., and D. M. Schultz, 2006: Editorial: Introducing EJSSM. Electronic J. Severe Storms Meteor., 1(1), 1-2.

Doswell, C.A. III, R. Edwards, R.L. Thompson, J.A. Hart, and K.C. Crosbie, 2006: A simple and flexible method for ranking severe weather events. Wea. Forecasting, 21, 939-951.

Edwards, R., and A.E. Pietrycha, 2006: Archetypes for surface baroclinic boundaries influencing tropical cyclone tornado occurrence. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO, P8.2.

Edwards, R., 2006: Supercells of the Serranias del Burro (Mexico). Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO, P6.2.

Monteverdi, J.P., R. Edwards, G.J. Stumpf, and D. Gudgel, 2006: An analysis of the 7 July 2004 Rockwell Pass, CA tornado: Highest elevation tornado documented in the U.S. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO, P12.2.

McCarthy, D.W., J.T. Schaefer and R. Edwards, 2006: What are we doing with (or to) the F-Scale? Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO, 5.6.

Rao, G.V., J.W. Scheck, R. Edwards, and J.T. Schaefer, 2005: Structures of mesocirculations producing tornadoes associated with tropical cyclone Frances (1998). Pure Appl. Geophys., 162, 1627-1641.

Edwards, R., R.L. Thompson and C.M. Mead, 2004: Assessment of anticyclonic supercell environments using close proximity soundings from the RUC model. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, P1.2.

Thompson, R.L., C.M. Mead, and R. Edwards, 2004: Effective bulk shear in supercell thunderstorm environments. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, P1.1.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, and C.M. Mead, 2004: Effective storm-relative helicity in supercell thunderstorm environments. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, 2.4.

Edwards, R., and S.J. Hodanish, 2004: Environmental analysis and photographic documentation of an intense, left-moving supercell on the Colorado plains. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, P12.2.

Edwards, R., R.L. Thompson, K.C. Crosbie, J.A. Hart, and C. A. Doswell III, 2004: Proposals for modernizing the definitions of tornado and severe thunderstorm outbreaks. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, 7.B.2.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, and C.M. Mead, 2004: An update to the supercell composite and significant tornado parameters. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA,

Rao, G.V., K. Santhanam, J.W. Scheck, S.M. Spratt, B.C. Hagemeyer, R. Edwards, J.T. Schaefer, J.L. Case and E. Kemp, 2004: MM5 simulations of precipitation and mesocyclone dynamics associated with TC Gabrielle (2001) using high resolution data of east central Florida. Preprints, 26th. Conf. Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Miami.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, J.A. Hart, K.L. Elmore and P.M. Markowski, 2003: Close proximity soundings within supercell environments obtained from the Rapid Update Cycle. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 1243-1261.

Rao, G.V., K. Santhanam, D. Gallagher, J.W. Scheck, R. Edwards, J.T. Schaefer, S.M. Spratt and B.C. Hagemeyer, 2003: Radar characteristics of mesocyclones associated with tropical cyclones and simulation of the mesocyclonic characteristics using MM5. Preprints, 10th. Conf. Mesoscale Processes, Portland, P2.10.

Markowski, P.M., C. Hannon, J. Frame, E. Lancaster, A. Pietrycha, R. Edwards and R.L. Thompson, 2003: Characteristics of vertical wind profiles near supercells obtained from the Rapid Update Cycle. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 1262-1272.

Edwards, R., 2003: Rating tornado damage: An exercise in subjectivity. Preprints, Symp. F-scale and Severe Weather Damage Assessment, Long Beach CA, P1.2.

Edwards, R., and L.R. Lemon, 2002: Proactive or reactive? The severe storm threat to large event venues. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 232-235.

Markowski, P.M., C. Hannon, J. Frame, E. Lancaster, A. Pietrycha, R. Edwards and R.L. Thompson, 2002: Characteristics of RUC vertical wind profiles near supercells. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 599-602.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards and J.A. Hart, 2002: Evaluation and interpretation of the supercell composite and significant tornado parameters at the Storm Prediction Center.. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J11-J14.

Edwards, R., R.L. Thompson, and J.A. Hart, 2002: Verification of supercell motion forecast techniques. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J57-J60.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, J.A. Hart and K.L. Elmore, 2002: RUC-2 model analysis soundings as a surrogate for observed soundings in supercell environments. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 591-594.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards and J.A. Hart, 2002: An assessment of supercell and tornado forecast parameters with RUC-2 model close proximity soundings. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 595-598.

Edwards, R., S. F. Corfidi, R. L. Thompson, J. S. Evans, J. P. Craven, J. P. Racy, D. W. McCarthy, and M. D. Vescio, 2001: Storm Prediction Center forecasting issues related to the 3 May 1999 tornado outbreak. Wea. Forecasting, 17, 544-558.

Thompson, R. L., and R. Edwards, 2000: An overview of environmental conditions and forecast implications of the 3 May 1999 tornado outbreak. Wea. Forecasting., 15, 682-699.

Edwards, R., R. L. Thompson, and J. G. LaDue, 2000: Initiation of storm A (3 May 1999) along a possible horizontal convective roll. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 60-63.

Edwards, R., G. V. Rao and J. W. Scheck, 2000: Examination of tornadic supercells in Tropical Cyclone Earl (1998) using conventional and WSR-88D data suites. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 97-100.

Rao, G. V., R. Edwards and J. W. Scheck, 2000: Case studies of tornadoes associated with tropical cyclones based on conventional and WSR-88D data. Preprints, 24th Conf. Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Ft. Lauderdale, FL., Amer. Meteor. Soc., 306-307.

Thompson, R. L., and R. Edwards, 2000: A comparison of Rapid Update Cycle 2 (RUC-2) model soundings with observed soundings in supercell environments. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 551-554.

Thompson, R. L., and R. Edwards, 2000: RUC-2 supercell proximity soundings, Part I: An examination of storm-relative winds normalized to supercell depth. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 431-434.

Edwards, R., and R. L. Thompson, 2000: RUC-2 supercell proximity soundings, Part II: An independent assessment of supercell forecast parameters. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 435-438.

Schaefer, J. T., and R. Edwards, 1999, The SPC tornado/severe thunderstorm database. Preprints, 11th Conf. Applied Climatology, Dallas, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 603-606.

Edwards, R., and R. L. Thompson, 1998: Nationwide comparisons of hail size with WSR-88D vertically integrated liquid water and derived thermodynamic sounding data. Wea. Forecasting, 13, 277-285.

Edwards, R., 1998: Storm Prediction Center forecast support for landfalling tropical cyclones. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology., Dallas, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 53-56.

Edwards, R., 1998: Tornado production by exiting tropical cyclones. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology., Dallas, TX, 485-488.

Edwards, R., and S. J. Weiss, 1996: Comparisons between Gulf of Mexico sea surface temperature anomalies and southern U.S. severe thunderstorm frequency in the cool season. Preprints, 18th Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Francisco, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 317-320.

Martin, P. L., and R. Edwards, 1995: A severe weather, hurricane, and flood climatology for the Austin/San Antonio WFO County Warning Area. NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS SR 167, National Weather Service, Southern Region Headquarters, Ft. Worth, TX, 27 pp.

Edwards, R., and J. A. Hart, 1994: Using SHARP workstation to analyze soundings from the FSL/NCDC CD-ROM database. NSSFC Operational Notes - Mar.1994, National Weather Service, National Severe Storms Forecast Center, Kansas City, MO, 2-4.

Edwards, R.*, 1992: Tornadic supercell over Dade and Broward Counties (Florida) on January 15, 1991. NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS SR 140, National Weather Service, Southern Region Headquarters, Ft. Worth, TX.

* Author affiliated with National Hurricane Center (NWS/NCEP).

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Stephen M. Goss
Storm Prediction Center

Goss, S.M., R.L. Thompson, and E. Bookbinder, 2006: An elevated supercell with damaging wind from the morning of 12 March 2006. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO.

Kain, J. S., S.M. Goss, and M.E. Baldwin, 2000: The melting effect as a factor in precipitation-type forecasting. Wea. Forecasting, 15, 700-714.

Richards, M., S. White and S.M. Goss*, 1997: A case study of a well-defined bow echo with bookend vortices, Nat. Wea. Dig., 21, 4, 23-29.

Goss, S.M.*, and J.N. Chrisman, 1995: An introduction to WSR-88D clutter suppression, and some tips for effective suppression utilization. National Weather Service Training Center, Warning Decision Training Branch Training Material, 16pp.

* Author affiliated with NWS WFO at Nashville, TN.

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Jeremy S. Grams
Storm Prediction Center

Herzog, B.S., C.J. Melick, J.S. Grams, I.L. Jirak, A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2012: Usefulness of storm-scale model guidance for forecasting dry thunderstorms at SPC. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, P8.123.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, J.S. Grams, C. Broyles, and H.E. Brooks, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part I: Storm classification and climatology. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1114-1135.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, J.S. Grams, A.R. Dean, and C. Broyles, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part II: Supercell and QLCS tornado environments. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1114-1135.

Grams, J.S., R.L. Thompson, D.V. Snively, J.A. Prentice, G.M. Hodges, and L.J. Reames, 2012: A climatology and comparison of parameters for significant tornado events in the United States. Wea. Forecasting, 21, 106-123.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, J.S. Grams, and C. Broyles, 2010: Climatology of convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P2.7.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, J.S. Grams, A.R. Dean, and C. Broyles, 2010: Climatology of near-storm environments with convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 16B.6.

Bright, D.R., and J.S. Grams, 2009: Short range ensemble forecast (SREF) calibrated thunderstorm probability forecasts: 2007-2008 verification and recent enhancements. Preprints, 4th Conf. Meteorological Applications of Lightning Data, Phoenix, AZ. [CD-ROM]

Thompson, R.L., and J.S. Grams, 2008: Synoptic environments and convective modes associated with significant tornadoes in the contiguous United States. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 16A.3.

Grams, J.S.*, W.A. Gallus Jr., S.E. Koch, L.S. Wharton, A. Loughe, and E.E. Ebert, 2006: The use of a modified Ebert-McBride technique to evaluate mesoscale model QPF as a function of convective system morphology during IHOP 2002. Wea. Forecasting, 21, 288-306.

Grams, J.S.*, W.A. Gallus Jr., S.E. Koch, L.S. Wharton, A. Loughe, and E.E. Ebert, 2005: The use of a modified Ebert-McBride technique to evaluate mesoscale model QPF as a function of convective system morphology during IHOP 2002. Preprints, 21st Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting/17th Conf. Numerical Weather Prediction, Washington D.C., 14A.2.

Grams, J.S.*, W.A. Gallus Jr., L.S. Wharton, S. Koch, E.E. Ebert, and A. Loughe, 2004: Use of a modified Ebert-McBride technique to verify IHOP QPF as a function of convective system morphology. Preprints, 20th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting/16th Conf. Numerical Weather Prediction/17th Conf. Probability and Statistics in the Atmospheric Sciences, Seattle, WA, J13.4.

* Author affiliated with Department of Geological and Atmospheric Science, Iowa State University.

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Jared L. Guyer
Storm Prediction Center

Guyer, J.L., and I.L. Jirak, 2014: The utility of storm-scale ensemble forecasts of cool season severe weather events from the SPC perspective. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P37.

Carbin, G.W., J.L. Guyer, and E. Bentley, 2014: The 2013 tornado season: Local devastation defies below-normal numbers. Weatherwise, May-June.

Guyer, J.L., and J.A. Hart, 2012: Examination of WSR-88D VWP data in proximity to strong tornadoes. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P4.62.

Davis, J.M., A.R. Dean, and J.L. Guyer, 2010: A detailed analysis of SPC "high risk" outlooks, 2003-2009. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 8B.6.

Smith, B.T., and J.L. Guyer, 2008: The climatology, convective mode, and mesoscale environment of cool-season severe thunderstorms in the Ohio and Tennessee Valleys, 1995-2006. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 13B.7.

Guyer, J.L., and D.R. Bright, 2008: Utility of SPC short-range ensemble forecast (SREF) guidance for forecasting the development of severe convection. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 13A.1.

Kumjian, M., J.S. Evans, and J.L. Guyer, 2006: The relationship of the Great Plains low level jet to nocturnal MCS development. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM]

Guyer, J.L., and J.M. Davies, 2006: Enviroment characteristics associated with tornado events near closed cold core 500 mb lows. Preprints, 23nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM]

Evans, J.S., and J.L. Guyer, 2006: The relationship of cool season significant tornado events and buoy data in the western Gulf of Mexico. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM]

Guyer, J.L., D.A. Imy, A. Kis, and K. Venable, 2006: Cool season significant (F2-F5) tornadoes in the Gulf Coast states. Preprints, 23nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM]

Guyer, J.L., and R. Ewald, 2004: Record hail event - examination of the Aurora, Nebraska supercell of 22 June 2003. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA. [CD ROM]

Davies, J.M., and J.L. Guyer, 2004: A preliminary climatology of tornado events with closed core 500 mb lows in the central and eastern United States. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms.

Guyer, J.L.*, and T.J. Shea, 2003: An Assessment of the Variability in Operational Assignment of F-Scale Damage. Preprints, 1st Symp. F-Scale and Severe-Weather Damage Assessment, Long Beach, CA.

Guyer, J.L.*, and M.L. Moritz, 2003: On Issues of Tornado Damage Assessment and F-Scale Assignment in Agricultural Areas. Preprints, 1st Symp. F-Scale and Severe-Weather Damage Assessment, Long Beach, CA.

Ewald, R., and J.L. Guyer*, 2002: The Ideal Lead Time for Tornado Warnings - A Look from the Customer's Perspective. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, TX.

Guyer, J.L.*, 2002: A Case of Supercell Intensification Along a Preexisting Boundary - Clay County Nebraska Tornado of 22 September 2001. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc.

* Author affiliated with NWS WFO at Hastings, NE.

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John A. Hart
Storm Prediction Center

Maddox R.A., M.S. Gilmore, C.A. Doswell III, R.H. Johns, C.A. Crisp, D.W. Burgess, J.A. Hart, and S.F. Piltz, 2013: Meteorological analyses of the Tri-State tornado event of March 1925. Electronic J. Severe Storms Meteor., 8 (1), 1-27.

Guyer, J.L., and J.A. Hart, 2012: Examination of WSR-88D VWP data in proximity to strong tornadoes. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P4.62.

Dean, A.R., R.S. Schneider, R.L. Thompson, J.A. Hart, and P.D. Bothwell, 2009: The conditional risk of severe convection estimated from NWS Storm Prediction Center mesoscale objective analyses: Potential uses in support of forecast operations and verification. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Omaha NE, 6A.5.

Levit, J.J., J.A. Hart, R.S. Schneider, D.R. Bright, and R.L. Thompson, 2008: Utilizing short-range ensemble point forecast soundings for severe storms forecasting. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 13A.2.

Doswell, C.A. III, R. Edwards, R.L. Thompson, J.A. Hart, and K.C. Crosbie, 2006: A simple and flexible method for ranking severe weather events. Wea. Forecasting, 21, 939-951.

Edwards, R., R.L. Thompson, K.C. Crosbie, J.A. Hart, and C. A. Doswell III, 2004: Proposals for modernizing the definitions of tornado and severe thunderstorm outbreaks. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, 7.B.2.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, J.A. Hart, K.L. Elmore and P.M. Markowski, 2003: Close proximity soundings within supercell environments obtained from the Rapid Update Cycle. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 1243-1261.

Davies, J.M., and J.A. Hart, 2002: Mesoscale environment factors in the D.C. area tornado event of 24 September 2001. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 575-578.

Craven, J.P., H.E. Brooks and J.A. Hart, 2002: Baseline climatology of sounding derived parameters associated with deep, moist convection. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 643-646.

J.S. Kain, M.E. Baldwin, S.J. Weiss, P.R. Janish, J.A. Hart and A. Just, 2002: Grassroots science and technology transfer in a collaborative research/operational environment. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J1-J6.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards and J.A. Hart, 2002: Evaluation and interpretation of the supercell composite and significant tornado parameters at the Storm Prediction Center.. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J11-J14.

Edwards, R., R.L. Thompson, and J.A. Hart, 2002: Verification of supercell motion forecast techniques. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J57-J60.

Bothwell, P.D., J.A. Hart and R.L. Thompson, 2002: An integrated three-dimensional objective analysis scheme in use at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J117-J120.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, J.A. Hart and K.L. Elmore, 2002: RUC-2 model analysis soundings as a surrogate for observed soundings in supercell environments. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 591-594.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards and J.A. Hart, 2002: An assessment of supercell and tornado forecast parameters with RUC-2 model close proximity soundings. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 595-598.

Weiss, S.J., J.A. Hart and P.R. Janish, 2002: An examination of severe thunderstorm wind report climatology. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 446-449.

Smith, T.L., S.G. Benjamin, B.E. Schwartz, G. Grell, P.D. Bothwell, and J.A. Hart, 2000: A past and future look at the Rapid Update Cycle for the 3 May 1999 severe weather outbreak. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 21-24.

Brooks, H.E., M.P. Kay, and J.A. Hart, 1998: Objective limits on forecasting skill of rare events. Preprints, 19th Conf. Severe Local Storms. Minneapolis, MN, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 552-555.

Imy, D.A., J.A. Hart and M.P. Kay, 1998: A tornado watch climatology for the continental U.S. 1987-1997, Preprints, 19th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 276-279.

Johns, R.H., and J.A. Hart, 1998: The occurrence and non-occurrence of large hail with strong and violent tornado episodes: Frequency distributions. Preprints, 19th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 283-286.

Edwards, R., and J.A. Hart, 1994: Using SHARP workstation to analyze soundings from the FSL/NCDC CD-ROM database. NSSFC Operational Notes - Mar.1994, National Weather Service, National Severe Storms Forecast Center, Kansas City, MO, 2-4.

Hart, J.A., 1993: SVRPLOT: A new method of accessing and manipulating the NSSFC severe weather data base. Preprints, 17th Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis, MO, 40-41.

Johns, R.H., and J.A. Hart, 1993: Differentiating between types of severe thunderstorm outbreaks: a preliminary investigation. Preprints, 17th Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis, MO, 46-50.

Johns, R.H., and J.A. Hart, 1993: Making potential buoyant energy value comparisons. NSSFC Operational Notes - July 1993, National Weather Service, National Severe Storms Forecast Center, Kansas City, MO, 2-3.

Korotky, W.D., R.W. Przybylinski, and J.A. Hart*, 1993: The Plainfield, Illinois, tornado of August 28, 1990: The evolution of synoptic and mesoscale environments. The Tornado: Its Structure, Dynamics, Prediction, and Hazards, Geophys. Monogr., No. 79, C. Church, D. Burgess, C. Doswell III, and R. Davies-Jones, Eds., Amer. Geophys. Union, Washington, DC, 611-624.

Hart, J.A.*, and W. D. Korotky, 1992: The SHARP Workstation v1.50....A Skew-t/hodograph analysis and research program for the IBM and compatible PCs. NWS Eastern Region Computer Problems #13MC, National Weather Service, Eastern Region Headquarters, Bohemia, NY, 58 pp.

Hart, J.A.*, and R. H. Johns, 1991: The derecho event of 9 April 1991. NSSFC Operational Notes - Oct. 1991, National Weather Service, National Severe Storms Forecast Center, Kansas City, MO, 5-6.

Korotky, W., and J.A. Hart*, 1991: The SHARP workstation: Program description and applications. NSSFC Operational Notes - Oct. 1991, National Weather Service, National Severe Storms Forecast Center, Kansas City, MO, 6-7.

* Author affiliated with NWS WFO at Charleston, WV.

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Ryan E. D. Jewell
Storm Prediction Center

Jewell, R., 2010: The Sounding Analog Retrieval System (SARS). Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 4B.3.

Jewell, R., and J. Brimelow, 2009: Evaluation of Alberta hail growth model using severe hail proximity soundings from the United States. Wea. Forecasting, 24, 1592-1609.

Bright, D.R., M.S. Wandishin, R.E. Jewell, and S.J. Weiss, 2005: A physically based parameter for lightning prediction and its calibration in ensemble forecasts. Preprints, Conf. Meteor. Applications of Lightning Data, San Diego, CA, CD-ROM (4.3).

Jewell, R.E.D., and J. Brimelow, 2004: Evaluation of an Alberta hail growth model using severe hail proximity soundings in the United States. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA.

Craven, J.P., R.E.D. Jewell, and H.E. Brooks, 2002: Comparison between observed convective cloud-base heights and lifting condensation level for two different lifted parcels. Wea. Forecasting, 17, 885-890.

Jewell, R.E.D.*, 2000: Using storm top divergence signatures as large hail indicators in the Boise CWA. NWS Western Region Tech. Attachment WR-00-14, National Weather Service, Western Region Headquarters, Salt Lake City, UT, 3 pp.

* Author affiliated with NWS WFO at Boise, ID.

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Israel L. Jirak
Storm Prediction Center

Melick, C.J., I.L. Jirak, J. Correia Jr., A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2014: Exploration of the NSSL Maximum Expected Size of Hail (MESH) product for verifying experimental hail forecasts in the 2014 spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P76.

Guyer, J.L., and I.L. Jirak, 2014: The utility of storm-scale ensemble forecasts of cool season severe weather events from the SPC perspective. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P37.

Jirak, I.L., M. Coniglio, A.J. Clark, J. Correia Jr., K.H. Knopfmeier, C.J. Melick, S.J. Weiss, J.S. Kain, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, K. Brewster, Y. Wang, Y. Jung, and S. Willington, 2014: An overview of the 2014 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P46.

Jirak, I.L., C.J. Melick, and S.J. Weiss, 2014: Combining probabilistic ensemble information from the environment with simulated storm attributes to generate calibrated probabilities of severe weather hazards. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 2.5.

Melick, C.J, I.L. Jirak, J. Correia Jr., A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2013: Utility of objective verification metrics during the 2013 HWT spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 38th NWA Annual Meeting, Charleston, SC, Natl. Wea. Assoc., P1.27.

Herzog, B.S., C.J. Melick, J.S. Grams, I.L. Jirak, A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2012: Usefulness of storm-scale model guidance for forecasting dry thunderstorms at SPC. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, P8.123.

Miller, S.D. Jr., J.S. Kain, P.T. Marsh, A.J. Clark, M.C. Coniglio, V. Lakshmanan, J. Correia Jr., D.A. Imy, S.R. Dembek, I.L. Jirak, S.J. Weiss, A.R. Dean, C.J. Melick, R. Sobash, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2012: Assessment of timing and coverage of convection during the 2012 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Forecasting Experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, 10.3.

Jirak, I.L., C.J. Melick, A.R. Dean, S.J. Weiss, and J. Correia Jr., 2012: Investigation of an automated temporal disaggregation technique for convective outlooks during the 2012 Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P9.137.

Jirak, I.L., S. J. Weiss, and C. J. Melick, 2012: The SPC storm-scale ensemble of opportunity: Overview and results from the 2012 Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, 10.2.

Clark, A.J., S.J. Weiss, J.S. Kain, I.L. Jirak, M. Coniglio, C.J. Melick, C. Siewert, R.A. Sobash, P.T. Marsh, A.R. Dean, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, Y. Wang, K. Brewster, J. Gao, X. Wang, J. Du, D.R. Novak, F.E. Barthold, M.J. Bodner, J.J. Levit, C.B. Entwistle, T.L. Jensen, and J. Correia Jr., 2012: An overview of the 2010 Hazardous Weather Testbed Experimental Forecast Program spring experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Sci., 93, 55-74.

Melick, C.J, I.L. Jirak, A.R. Dean, J. Correia Jr., and S.J. Weiss, 2012: Real time objective verification of convective forecasts: 2012 HWT Spring Forecast Experiment. Preprints, 37th Natl. Wea. Assoc. Annual Meeting, Madison, WI, P1.52.

Barthold, F.E., M. J. Bodner, D.R. Novak, R. Bann, R. Oravec, B. Sullivan, A.R. Dean, I.L. Jirak, C.J. Melick, R.A. Sobash, A.J. Clark, F. Kong, S.J. Weiss, and M. Xue, 2011: The quantitative precipitation forecasting component of the 2010 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment. Preprints, 24th Conf. Weather and Forecasting/20th Conf. Numerical Weather Prediction, Seattle, WA, Amer. Meteor. Soc.

Marsh, P.T., J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, I.L. Jirak, R. Sobash, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, and M. Xue, 2010: Investigating a fundamental component of a warn-on-forecast system in a collaborative real-time experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 14.4.

Jirak, I.L., S.J. Weiss, C.J. Melick, P.T. Marsh, J.S. Kain, A.J. Clark, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2010: Evaluation of the performance and distribution of hourly maximum fields from storm-scale ensemble forecasts. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13B.3.

Melick, C.J., I.L. Jirak, S.J. Weiss, A.J. Clark, P.T. Marsh, J.S. Kain, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2010: An environmental climatology of the CAPS storm-scale ensemble forecast system during the 2010 HWT Spring Experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13B.5.

Weiss, S.J., A.J. Clark, I.L. Jirak, C.J. Melick, C. Siewert, R.A. Sobash, P.T. Marsh, A.R. Dean, J.S. Kain, M. Coniglio, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, J. Du, D.R. Novak, F. Barthold, M.J. Bodner, J.J. Levit, C.B. Entwistle, R.S. Schneider, and T.L. Jensen, 2010: An overview of the 2010 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 7B.1.

Jirak, I.L.* and A. Keith, 2009: Examination of the Arizona precipitation record for evidence of precipitation suppression by air pollution aerosols. Preprints, Special Symp. Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Interactions, Phoenix, AZ, 5 pp.

Jirak, I.L.* and W. R. Cotton, 2009: Reply (to 'Comments on "Observational analysis of the predictability of mesoscale convective systems'"). Wea. Forecasting, 24, 356-360.

Jirak, I.L.** and W. R. Cotton, 2007: Impact of the initial convective arrangement on simulated MCS development. Preprints, 12th Conf. Mesoscale Processes, Waterville Valley, NH, 5 pp.

Jirak, I.L.** and W. R. Cotton, 2007: Observational analysis of the predictability of mesoscale convective systems. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 813-838.

Jirak, I.L.** and W. R. Cotton, 2006: Sensitivity of MCS development to the initial convective arrangement. Preprints, 23nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St Louis, MO, 5 pp.

Jirak, I.L.** and W. R. Cotton, 2005: Effect of air pollution on precipitation along the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. J. Appl. Meteor., 45, 236-245.

Jirak, I.L.**, 2005: Observational analysis of the predictability of mesoscale convective systems. Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, 132 pp.

Jirak, I.L.**, W. R. Cotton, and W. L. Woodley, 2004: Effect of air pollution on precipitation along the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. Preprints, 16th Symp. Planned and Inadvertent Weather Modification, San Diego, CA, 4 pp.

Jirak, I.L.** and W. R. Cotton, 2004: Environmental precursors to mesoscale convective system development. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis, MA, 4 pp.

Jirak, I.L.**, W. R. Cotton, and R. L. McAnelly, 2003: Satellite and radar survey of mesoscale convective system development. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 2428-2449.

Jirak, I.L.**, 2002: Satellite and radar survey of mesoscale convective system development. M.S. Thesis, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, 119 pp.

Jirak, I.L.**, W. R. Cotton, and R. L. McAnelly, 2002: Radar survey of mesoscale convective system development. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, TX, 50-53.

* Author affiliated with Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University at Prescott, AZ
** Author affiliated with Colorado State University

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Brynn W. Kerr
Storm Prediction Center

Kerr, B.W., and G.L. Darkow, 1996: Storm-relative winds and helicity in the tornadic thunderstorm environment. Wea. Forecasting, 11, 489-505.

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Elizabeth M. (Stoppkotte) Leitman
Storm Prediction Center

Stoppkotte, E.M.*, A. Lese, S. Pavlow and R.T. Baker, 2009: 14 September 2008 Ohio Valley high wind event associated with the remnants of Hurricane Ike. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting/19th Conf. Numerical Weather Prediction, Omaha NE. and Nat. Wea. Assoc., CD-ROM.

Stoppkotte, E.M.**, and M.D. Long, 2006: Investigation of derecho storms in Oklahoma and the causes for highest surface wind speeds. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO, CD-ROM.

Stoppkotte, E.M.**, K.D. Stokes and M.A. Shafer, 2005: Creating county climate summaries for Oklahoma. 15th Conf. Applied Climatology, Savannah, GA, CD-ROM.

* Author affiliated with NWS WFO at Louisville, KY.
** Author affiliated with University of Oklahoma.

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Wiliam E. Line
Storm Prediction Center

Line, W.E., 2014: Results from the GOES-R Proving Ground portion of the 2014 HWT spring experiment. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 3A.2.

Petersen, R.A., L. Cronce, W.E. Line, W. Straka and R. Aune, 2014: Using hyper-spectral sounding products to improve forecasts of the pre-convective environment as a prelude to MTG-IRS. Preprints, 2014 EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conference, Geneva, Switzerland.

Line, W.E., R.A. Petersen, and R. Aune, 2013: Improving the depiction of moisture transport in short-range forecasts of the pre-convective environment. Preprints, 2013 EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conference and 19th American Meteorological Society Satellite Meteorology, Oceanography, and Climatology Conference, Vienna, Austria.

Petersen, R.A., W.E. Line, R. Aune, W. Straka and R. Dworak, 2013: Improving very-short-range forecasts of the pre-convective environment using clear-air SEVIRI products. Preprints, 2013 EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conference and 19th American Meteorological Society Satellite Meteorology, Oceanography, and Climatology Conference, Vienna, Austria.

Line, W.E.*, 2013: Using isentropic techniques to improve the utility of GOES moisture observations. M.S. Thesis, Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 77 pp.

Petersen, R.A., R. Aune, R. Dworak and W.E. Line*, 2012: Using analyses of the information content of GOES/SEVIRI moisture products to improve very-short-range forecasts of the pre-convective environment. Preprints, 2012 Eumetsat Meteorological Satellite Conference, Sopot, Poland.

* Author affiliated with Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies and University of Wisconsin.

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Patrick T. Marsh
Storm Prediction Center

Rogers, J.W., R.L. Thompson, and P.T. Marsh, 2014: Potential applications of a CONUS sounding climatology developed at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P145.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, A.R. Dean, P.T. Marsh, R. Wagenmaker, G. Mann, M.J. Hudson, and J.T. Ferree, 2014: Demonstrating the utility of conditional probabilities of tornado damage rating in the impact-based warning era. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P89.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, A.R. Dean, and P.T. Marsh, 2013: Spatial distributions of tornadic near-storm environments by convective mode. Electronic J. Severe Storms Meteor., 8 (5), 1-22.

Clark, A.J., J. Gao, P.T. Marsh*, T. Smith, J.S. Kain, J. Correia, M. Xue, and F. Kong, 2013: Tornado pathlength forecasts from 2010 to 2011 using ensemble updraft helicity. Wea. Forecasting, 28, 387?407.

Marsh, P.T.*, 2013: A method of calibrating probabilistic forecasts. PhD Dissertation, University of Oklahoma.

Twiest, B.L., B.T. Smith, H.E. Brooks, R.L. Thompson, P. Marsh*, A.R. Dean, and C.J. Melick, 2013: Localizing tornado climatology in the contiguous United States: An environmental parameter and convective mode focus. Preprints, 20th Conf. on Applied Climatology, Austin, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 4.5.

Miller, S.D. Jr., J.S. Kain, P.T. Marsh, A.J. Clark, M.C. Coniglio, V. Lakshmanan, J. Correia Jr., D.A. Imy, S.R. Dembek, I.L. Jirak, S.J. Weiss, A.R. Dean, C.J. Melick, R. Sobash, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2012: Assessment of timing and coverage of convection during the 2012 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Forecasting Experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, 10.3.

Marsh, P.T.*, and H.E. Brooks, 2012: Comments on "Tornado risk analysis: Is Dixie Alley an extension of Tornado Alley?" Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 93, 405-407.

Marsh, P.T.*, J.S. Kain, V. Lakshmanan, A.J. Clark, N.M. Hitchens, and J. Hardy, 2012: A method for calibrating deterministic forecasts of rare events. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 531-538.

Bass, E.J., B. Hogan, D. Rude, B. Phillips, D. Westbrook, C. League, J. Brotzge, P.T. Marsh*, and L.R. Lemon, 2011: A method for investigating real-time distributed weather forecaster-emergency manager interaction. 2011 IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. 9-12 October 2011, Anchorage, AK.

Harrold, M., T. Jensen, B. Brown, S. Weiss, P.T. Marsh*, M. Xue, F. Kong, A. Clark, K. Thomas, J. Kain, M. Coniglio, and R.S. Schneider, 2011: Spatial verification of convective systems during the 2010 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment. Preprints, 91st Amer. Meteor. Soc. Ann. Meeting, Seattle, WA.

Jensen, T.L., M. Harrold, B.G. Brown, S.J. Weiss, P.T. Marsh*, M. Xue, F. Kong, A.J. Clark, K.W. Thomas, J.S. Kain, R.S. Schneider, D. R. Novak, F.E. Barthold, J.J. Levit, and M.C. Coniglio, 2010: An overview of the objective evaluation performed during the Hazardous Weather Testbed (HWT) 2010 spring experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13B.1.

Marsh, P.T.*, J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, I.L. Jirak, R. Sobash, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, and M. Xue, 2010: Investigating a fundamental component of a warn-on-forecast system in a collaborative real-time experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 14.4.

Jirak, I.L., S.J. Weiss, C.J. Melick, P.T. Marsh*, J.S. Kain, A.J. Clark, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2010: Evaluation of the performance and distribution of hourly maximum fields from storm-scale ensemble forecasts. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13B.3.

Melick, C.J., I.L. Jirak, S.J. Weiss, A.J. Clark, P.T. Marsh*, J.S. Kain, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2010: An environmental climatology of the CAPS storm-scale ensemble forecast system during the 2010 HWT Spring Experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13B.5.

Scharfenberg, K.A., D. Andra Jr., P.T. Marsh*, K. Ortega, and J. Brotzge, 2010: Evaluation of ESTOFEX forecasts. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver, CO.

Weiss, S.J., A.J. Clark, I.L. Jirak, C.J. Melick, C. Siewert, R.A. Sobash, P.T. Marsh*, A.R. Dean, J.S. Kain, M. Coniglio, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, J. Du, D.R. Novak, F. Barthold, M.J. Bodner, J.J. Levit, C.B. Entwistle, R.S. Schneider, and T.L. Jensen, 2010: An overview of the 2010 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 7B.1.

Brooks, H.E., P.T. Marsh*, A. Kowaleski, P. Groenemeijer, T. Thompson, C. Schwartz, C. Shafer, A. Kolodziej, N. Dahl, and D. Buckey, 2009: Evaluation of ESTOFEX forecasts. Preprints, 5th Euro. Conf. on Severe Storms, Landshut, Germany.

Marsh, P.T.*, H.E. Brooks, and D.J. Karoly, 2009: Preliminary investigation into the severe thunderstorm environment of Europe simulated by the Community Climate System Model 3. Atmos. Res., 93, 607-618.

Marsh, P.T.*, H.E. Brooks, and D. J. Karoly, 2007: Assessment of the European severe weather environment simulated by the CCSM3. Preprints, 4th Euro. Conf. on Severe Storms, Trieste, Italy.

Marsh, P.T.*, H.E. Brooks, and D.J. Karoly, 2007: Assessment of the severe weather environment in North America simulated by a global climate model. Atmos. Sci. Lett., 8, 100-106.

Marsh, P.T.*, H.E. Brooks, and D.J. Karoly, 2007: An assessment of the severe weather environment of North America simulated by a global climate model. Preprints, 87th Ann. Meeting of the Amer. Meteor. Soc., San Antonio, TX.

Marsh, P.T.*, 2007: An assessment of the severe weather environment of North America simulated by a climate model. M.S. Thesis, University of Oklahoma.

* Author affiliated with CIMMS/National Severe Storms Laboratory and University of Oklahoma.
* Author affiliated with University of Arkansas.

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Corey M. Mead
Storm Prediction Center

Smith, B.T., T.E. Castellanos, A.C. Winters, C.M. Mead, A.R. Dean, and R.L. Thompson, 2013: Measured severe convective wind climatology and associated convective modes of thunderstorms in the contiguous United States, 2003-09. Wea. Forecasting, 28, 229-236.

Mead, C.M., and R.L. Thompson, 2011: Environmental characteristics associated with nocturnal significant-tornado events in the central and southern Great Plains. Electronic J. Severe Storms Meteor., 6 (6), 1-35.

Smith, B.T., A.C. Winters, C.M. Mead, A.R. Dean, and T.E. Castellanos, 2010: Measured severe wind gust climatology of thunderstorms for the contiguous United States, 2003-2009. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 16B.3.

Mead, C.M., and R.L. Thompson, 2010: A synoptic-scale environment associated with significant nocturnal tornado events in the Great Plains. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 1.4.

Evans, J.S., C.M. Mead and S.J. Weiss, 2008: Forecasting the Super Tuesday tornado outbreak at the Storm Prediction Center: Why forecast uncertainty does not necessarily decrease as you get closer to a high impact weather event. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 3A.2.

Thompson, R.L., C.M. Mead and R. Edwards, 2007: Effective storm-relative helicity and bulk shear in supercell thunderstorm environments. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 102-115.

Thompson, R.L., and C.M. Mead, 2006: Tornado failure modes in central and southern Great Plains severe thunderstorm episodes. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO.

Edwards, R., R.L. Thompson and C.M. Mead, 2004: Assessment of anticyclonic supercell environments using close proximity soundings from the RUC model. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, P1.2.

Thompson, R.L., C.M. Mead, and R. Edwards, 2004: Effective bulk shear in supercell thunderstorm environments. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, P1.1.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, and C.M. Mead, 2004: Effective storm-relative helicity in supercell thunderstorm environments. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, 2.4.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, and C.M. Mead, 2004: An update to the supercell composite and significant tornado parameters. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA.

Mead, C.M.*, and A.E. Gerard, 1999: The initiation and evolution of a mini-bow echo occurring behind a prefrontal squall line. Nat. Wea. Dig., 23, 1-2, 20-29.

Mead, C.M.*, and P.L. Wolf, 1998: The 2 May 1997 severe weather episode over northeast Louisiana and central Mississippi: The apparent influence of frontogenetic forcing along a newly formed mesoscale baroclinic zone. Nat. Wea. Dig., 22, 2, 35-41.

Gerard, A.E., C.M. Mead*, S. Miller, R. Pfost and P.L. Wolf, 1998: Surprise snowstorm socks Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama. NWS Southern Region Technical Attachment. SR/SSD 98-5, National Weather Service, Southern Region Headquarters, Ft. Worth, TX.

Mead, C.M.**, 1997: The discrimination between tornadic and nontornadic supercell environments: A forecasting challenge in the southern United States. Wea. Forecasting, 12, 379-387.

Mead, C.M.**, G.P. Murdoch, and T.J. Turnage, 1997: A severe weather climatology for the NWSO Midland, Texas county warning area. NWS Southern Region Technical Memoranda. NWS SR-191, National Weather Service, Southern Region Headquarters, Ft. Worth, TX

Mead, C.M.** and T.W. Earle, 1997: An elevated severe thunderstorm complex over southeast New Mexico and west Texas. NWS Southern Region Technical Attachment. SR/SSD 97-9, National Weather Service, Southern Region Headquarters, Ft. Worth, TX.

Mead, C.M.**, 1995: The relationship between convective available potential energy, storm-relative helicity and the development of tornadic thunderstorms in the northern plains. NWS Southern Region Technical Attachment. SR/SSD 95, National Weather Service, Southern Region Headquarters, Ft. Worth, TX.

* Author affiliated with NWS Jackson, MS
** Author affiliated with NWS Midland, TX

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Christopher J. Melick
Storm Prediction Center

Jirak, I.L., C.J. Melick, and S.J. Weiss, 2014: Combining probabilistic ensemble information from the environment with simulated storm attributes to generate calibrated probabilities of severe weather hazards. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 2.5.

Jirak, I.L., M. Coniglio, A.J. Clark, J. Correia Jr., K.H. Knopfmeier, C.J. Melick, S.J. Weiss, J.S. Kain, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, K. Brewster, Y. Wang, Y. Jung, and S. Willington, 2014: An overview of the 2014 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P46.

Melick, C.J., I.L. Jirak, J. Correia Jr., A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2014: Exploration of the NSSL Maximum Expected Size of Hail (MESH) product for verifying experimental hail forecasts in the 2014 spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P76.

Melick, C.J, I.L. Jirak, J. Correia Jr., A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2013: Utility of objective verification metrics during the 2013 HWT spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 38th NWA Annual Meeting, Charleston, SC, Natl. Wea. Assoc., P1.27.

Twiest, B.L., B.T. Smith, H.E. Brooks, R.L. Thompson, P. Marsh, A.R. Dean, and C.J. Melick, 2013: Localizing tornado climatology in the contiguous United States: An environmental parameter and convective mode focus. Preprints, 20th Conf. Applied Climatology, Austin, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 4.5.

Clark, A.J., S.J. Weiss, J.S. Kain, I.L. Jirak, M. Coniglio, C.J. Melick, C. Siewert, R.A. Sobash, P.T. Marsh, A.R. Dean, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, Y. Wang, K. Brewster, J. Gao, X. Wang, J. Du, D.R. Novak, F.E. Barthold, M.J. Bodner, J.J. Levit, C.B. Entwistle, T.L. Jensen, and J. Correia Jr., 2012: An overview of the 2010 Hazardous Weather Testbed Experimental Forecast Program spring experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Sci., 93, 55-74.

Herzog, B.S., C.J. Melick, J.S. Grams, I.L. Jirak, A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2012: Usefulness of storm-scale model guidance for forecasting dry thunderstorms at SPC. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, P8.123.

Miller, S.D. Jr., J.S. Kain, P.T. Marsh, A.J. Clark, M.C. Coniglio, V. Lakshmanan, J. Correia Jr., D.A. Imy, S.R. Dembek, I.L. Jirak, S.J. Weiss, A.R. Dean, C.J. Melick, R. Sobash, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2012: Assessment of timing and coverage of convection during the 2012 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Forecasting Experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, 10.3.

Jirak, I.L., C.J. Melick, A.R. Dean, S.J. Weiss, and J. Correia Jr., 2012: Investigation of an automated temporal disaggregation technique for convective outlooks during the 2012 Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P9.137.

Jirak, I.L., S.J. Weiss, and C.J. Melick, 2012: The SPC storm-scale ensemble of opportunity: Overview and results from the 2012 Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, 10.2.

Barthold, F.E., M. J. Bodner, D.R. Novak, R. Bann, R. Oravec, B. Sullivan, A.R. Dean, I.L. Jirak, C.J. Melick, R.A. Sobash, A.J. Clark, F. Kong, S.J. Weiss, and M. Xue, 2011: The quantitative precipitation forecasting component of the 2010 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment. Preprints, 24th Conf. Weather and Forecasting/20th Conf. Numerical Weather Prediction, Seattle, WA, Amer. Meteor. Soc.

Miller, S.J. Jr., G.W. Carbin, J.S. Kain, E.W. McCaul Jr., A.R. Dean, C.J. Melick, and S.J. Weiss, 2010: Preliminary Investigation into Lightning Hazard Prediction from High Resolution Numerical Model Output. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 4B.1.

Jirak, I.L., S.J. Weiss, C.J. Melick, P.T. Marsh, J.S. Kain, A.J. Clark, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2010: Evaluation of the performance and distribution of hourly maximum fields from storm-scale ensemble forecasts. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13B.3.

Melick, C.J., I.L. Jirak, S.J. Weiss, A.J. Clark, P.T. Marsh, J.S. Kain, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2010: An environmental climatology of the CAPS storm-scale ensemble forecast system during the 2010 HWT Spring Experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13B.5.

Weiss, S.J., A.J. Clark, I.L. Jirak, C.J. Melick, C. Siewert, R.A. Sobash, P.T. Marsh, A.R. Dean, J.S. Kain, M. Coniglio, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, J. Du, D.R. Novak, F. Barthold, M.J. Bodner, J.J. Levit, C.B. Entwistle, R.S. Schneider, and T.L. Jensen, 2010: An overview of the 2010 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 7B.1.

Dolif Neto, G., P.S. Market, A.E. Becker, B. Pettegrew, C. Melick*, C. Schultz, P.I. Buckley, J.V. Clark, A.R. Lupo, R. Holle, N. Demetriades, and C.E. Barnieri, 2009: A comparison of two cases of low-latitude thundersnow. Atmosfera, 22, 315-330.

Lupo, A.R., T.K. Latham, T. Magill, J.V. Clark, C.J. Melick*, and P.S. Market, 2008: The Interannual Variability of Hurricane Activity in the Atlantic and East Pacific Regions. Nat. Wea. Dig., 32, 119-133.

Tilly, D.E., A.R. Lupo, C.J. Melick*, and P.S. Market, 2008: Calculated height tendencies in a Southern Hemisphere blocking and cyclone event: The contribution of diabatic heating to block intensification. Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 3568-3578.

Melick, C.J.*, L.L. Smith, B.P. Pettegrew, A.E. Becker, P.S. Market, and A.R. Lupo, 2008: Investigation of stability characteristics of cold-season convective precipitation events by utilizing the growth rate parameter. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D08108, doi:10.1029/2007JD009063.

Melick, C. J.*, B. P. Pettegrew, L. L. Smith, A. E. Becker, P. S. Market, and A. R. Lupo, 2007: Comparing snowstorms with and without lightning via the growth rate parameter. 22nd Conference on Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Park City, UT, 27 June 2007, CD-ROM, P2.13.

Lupo, A.R., T.K. Latham, T.H. Magill, C.J. Melick*, J.V. Clark, and P.S. Market, 2007: The interannual and interdecadal variability in hurricane activity over the Atlantic and eastern Pacific Ocean. Preprints, 19th Conference on Climate Variability and Change / 23rd Conference on IIPS / 5th Conference On Artificial Intelligence and Applications to Environmental Science, San Antonio, TX, 15 January 2007, CD-ROM, 2B.5.

Crowe, C., P. Market, B. Pettegrew, C. Melick*, and J. Podzimek, 2006: An investigation of thundersnow and deep snow accumulations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L24812, doi:10.1029/2006GL028214.

Market, P.S., A.M. Oravetz, D. Gaede, E. Bookbinder, A.R. Lupo, C.J. Melick*, L.L. Smith, R. Thomas, R. Redburn, B.P. Pettegrew, and A.E. Becker, 2006: Proximity soundings of thundersnow in the central United States. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D19208, 10.1029/2006JD007061.

Becker, A., B. Pettegrew, C. Melick*, L. Smith, P. Buckley, C. Schultz, A. Lupo, and P. Market, 2006: Lightning characteristics of the 24-25 December 2005 south Texas record snow. Preprints, 19th International Lightning Detection Conference/1st International Lightning Meteorology Conf., Tucson, AZ, CD-ROM.

Crowe, C., P. Market, B. Pettegrew, and C. Melick*, 2006: Correlating NLDN flash data to heavy snow. Preprints, 19th International Lightning Detection Conf./1st International Lightning Meteorology Conf., Tucson, AZ, CD-ROM.

Melick, C.J.*, L.L. Smith, B.P. Pettegrew, and P. S. Market, 2005: Investigation of stability characteristics of thundersnow events utilizing the growth rate parameter. Preprints, 21st Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting/17th Conf. Numerical Weather Prediction, Washington, D.C., CD- ROM, 10A.4.

Smith, L.L., Pettegrew, B.P., C.J. Melick*, and P.S. Market, 2005: Investigating stability evolution of two winter storms using mobile GAUS data. Preprints, 21st Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Washington D.C., CD-ROM, 9.1.

Smith, L.L., C.J. Melick*, and P.S. Market, 2005: Examination of thundersnow cases in the United States utilizing NLDN data. Preprints, Conf. Meteorological Applications of Lightning Data, San Diego, CA, CD-ROM, P2.13.

Melick, C.J.*, H.M. Anip, A. Kunz, R. Morales-Juberias, A. R. Lupo, and P. S. Market, 2005: An examination of Jupiter's Great Red Spot and other vorticies using the EPIC Model. Preprints, 14th Symp. Education , San Diego, CA, CD-ROM, P1.52.

Market, P.S., A.M. Oravetz, D. Gaede, E. Bookbinder, R. Ebert, and C. Melick*, 2004: Upper air constant-pressure composites of midwestern thundersnow events. Preprints, 20th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting , Seattle, Washington, CD-ROM, P4.6.

* Author affiliated with University of Missouri

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R. Matt Mosier
Storm Prediction Center

Mosier, R.M.*, C. Schumacher, R.E. Orville, and L.D. Carey, 2011: Radar nowcasting of cloud-to-ground lightning over Houston, Texas. Wea. Forecasting, 26, 199-212.

Mosier, R.M.*, 2011: Vertically integrated ice (VII): A new lightning nowcasting forecasting tool. Preprints, 5th Conf. Meteor Applications of Lightning Data, 23-27.

Zhang, F., R.E. Morss, J.A. Sippel, T.K. Beckman, N.C. Clements, N.L. Hampshire, J.N. Harvey, J.M. Hernandez, Z.C. Morgan, R.M. Mosier**, S. Wang, and S.D. Winkley, 2011: An in-person survey investigating public perceptions of and responses to Hurricane Rita forecasts along the Texas coast. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 1177-1190.

* Author affiliated with NWS Fort Worth, TX
** Author affiliated with Texas A&M University

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Jeffrey L. Peters
Storm Prediction Center

Togstad, W.E., S.J. Taylor and J.L. Peters, 2004: An examination of severe thunderstorm discrimination skills from traditional Doppler radar parameters and near storm environment (NSE) factors at large radar range. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis, MA. [CD-ROM]

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Joseph C. Picca
Storm Prediction Center

Snyder, J.C., A.V. Ryzhkov, M.R. Kumjian, and J.C. Picca*, 2014: Using the ZDR column product to detect updraft development and track updraft evolution. 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Madison, WI, 16A.5.

Ganetis, S., B.A. Colle, M.J. Sienkiewicz, D.S. Schultz, D.R. Novak, P. Heinselman, and J.C. Picca*, 2013: Evolution of an intense mesoscale snowband during the 8-9 February 2013 Northeast U.S. blizzard, 15th Conf. Mesoscale Processes, 6-9 August 2013, Portland, OR.

Griffin, E.A., A.V. Ryzhkov, T.J. Schuur, H.D. Reeves, K.L. Elmore, M.R. Kumjian, and J.C. Picca*, 2013: A polarimetric and microphysical investigation of the northeast blizzard of 8-9 February 2013. 36th Conf. Radar Meteorology, Amer. Meteor. Soc., Breckenridge, CO, 15A.3.

Tromel, S., M. Diederich, M.R. Kumjian, J.C. Picca*, and C. Simmer, 2012: Columns of differential reflectivity: a precursor for storm evolution and convective rain. 2012 Ann. Meeting of the Amer. Geophys. Union, San Francisco, CA, A33G-0226.

Picca, J.C.**, M.R. Kumjian, and A.V. Ryzhkov, 2010: ZDR columns as a predictive tool for hail growth and storm evolution. 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver, CO, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 11.3.

Kumjian, M., J.C. Picca**, S. Ganson, A. Ryzhkov, and D. Zrnic, 2010: Three body scattering signatures in polarimetric radar data, NOAA/NSSL report, 12 pp.

Picca, J.C.**, and A.V. Ryzhkov, 2010: A multiple-wavelength polarimetric analysis of the 16 May 2010 extreme hailstorm. 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver, CO, Amer. Meteor. Soc., P8.6.

Picca, J.C.**, and A.V. Ryzhkov, 2010: Polarimetric signatures of melting hail at S and C bands. Detection and short-term forecast. 26th Conf. Interactive Information and Processing Systems, Atlanta, GA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10B.4.

* Author affiliated with NWSFO at Upton, NY
** Author affiliated with University of Oklahoma and Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies

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Jaret W. Rogers
Storm Prediction Center

Rogers, J.W., R.L. Thompson, and P.T. Marsh, 2014: Potential applications of a CONUS sounding climatology developed at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P145.

Rogers, J.W., 2012: Significant tornado events with cell mergers. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, 9.4.

Green, G.D., P.M. Iniguez, J.W. Rogers*, and M. Leuthold, 2009: Unusual severe weather outbreak over the Greater Phoenix Metropolitan Area on 28-29 August 2008. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Omaha, NE, CD-ROM.

Rogers, J.W.*, 2009: Development of a sounding-based prediction model for Phoenix, Arizona. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Omaha, NE, CD-ROM.

Rogers, J.W.** and C.C. Weiss, 2008: The association of cell mergers with tornado occurrence. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah, GA, CD-ROM.

Rogers, J.W.** and C.C. Weiss, 2006: Fine-scale mobile mesonet and StickNet observations of a non-tornadic HP supercell near Scottsbluff, NE. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis, MO, CD-ROM.

* Author affiliated with NWSFO at Phoenix, AZ
** Author affiliated with Texas Tech University

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Russell S. Schneider
Storm Prediction Center

Dean, A.R., and R.S. Schneider, 2012: An examination of tornado environments, events, and impacts from 2003-2012. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P6.0.

Harrold, M., T. Jensen, B. Brown, S. Weiss, P.T. Marsh, M. Xue, F. Kong, A. Clark, K. Thomas, J. Kain, M. Coniglio, and R.S. Schneider, 2011: Spatial verification of convective systems during the 2010 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment. Preprints, 91st Amer. Meteor. Soc. Ann. Meeting, Seattle, WA.

Jensen, T.L., M. Harrold, B.G. Brown, S.J. Weiss, P.T. Marsh, M. Xue, F. Kong, A.J. Clark, K.W. Thomas, J.S. Kain, R.S. Schneider, D. R. Novak, F.E. Barthold, J.J. Levit, and M.C. Coniglio, 2010: An overview of the objective evaluation performed during the Hazardous Weather Testbed (HWT) 2010 spring experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13B.1.

Bosart, L.F., T.J. Melino, S.R. Sukup, S.J. Weiss, J.P. Racy, R.S. Schneider, E.S. Pytlak, J.E. Matusiak, and D.R. Bright, 2010: Potential vorticity disturbances as a source of severe weather in the Southwest. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 2.1.

Harless, A.R., S.J. Weiss, R.S. Schneider, M. Xue, and F. Kong, 2010: A report and feature-based verification study of the CAPS 2008 storm-scale ensemble forecasts for severe convective weather. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13.2.

Schneider, R.S., A.R. Dean, and H.E. Brooks, 2009: Estimating potential severe weather societal impacts using probabilistic forecasts issued by the NWS Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Omaha NE, 5B.5.

Dean, A.R., R.S. Schneider, R.L. Thompson, J.A. Hart, and P.D. Bothwell, 2009: The conditional risk of severe convection estimated from NWS Storm Prediction Center mesoscale objective analyses: Potential uses in support of forecast operations and verification. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Omaha NE, 6A.5.

Schneider, R.S., and A.R. Dean, 2008: A comprehensive 5-year severe storm environment climatology for the continental United States. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 16A.4.

Bright, D.R., S.J. Weiss, J.J. Levit, and R.S. Schneider, 2008: The evolution of multi-scale ensemble guidance in the prediction of convective and severe convective storms at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, P10.7.

Levit, J.J., G.W. Carbin, D.R. Bright, J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, R.S. Schneider, M.C. Coniglio, M. Xue, K.W. Thomas, M. Pyle, and M.L. Weisman, 2008: The NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed 2008 spring experiment: Technical and scientific challenges of creating a data visualization environment for storm-scale deterministic and ensemble forecasts. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, P10.5.

Levit, J.J., J.A. Hart, R.S. Schneider, D.R. Bright, and R.L. Thompson, 2008: Utilizing short-range ensemble point forecast soundings for severe storms forecasting. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 13A.2.

Dean, A.R., and R.S. Schneider, 2008: Forecast challenges at the NWS Storm Prediction Center relating to the frequency of favorable severe storm environments. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 9A.2.

Scharfenberg, K.A., D.L. Andra, S.A. Erickson, J.T. Ferree, and R.S. Schneider 2008: Communicating severe local storm information to support decision-making: beyond the watch and the warning. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 8A.4.

Bright, D.R., S.J. Weiss, J.J. Levit, and R.S. Schneider, 2008: The evolution of multi-scale ensemble guidance in the prediction of convective and severe convective storms at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, P10.7.

Wasula, A.C., L.F. Bosart, R.S. Schneider, S.J. Weiss, R.H. Johns, G.S. Manikin, and P. Welsh, 2007: Mesoscale aspects of the rapid intensification of a tornadic convective line across central Florida: 22-23 February 1998. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 223-243.

Schneider, R.S., A.R. Dean, S.J. Weiss, and P.D. Bothwell, 2006: Analysis of estimated environments for 2004 and 2005 severe convective storm reports. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM]

Dean, A.R., R.S. Schneider, and J.T. Schaefer, 2006: Development of a comprehensive severe weather forecast verification system at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 23nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM] CD-ROM.

Wasula A.C., L.F. Bosart, R.S. Schneider, S.J. Weiss, R.H. Johns, G.S. Manikin, and P. Welsh, 2004: The structure and climatology of boundary layer winds in the Southeast United States and its relationship to nocturnal tornado episodes. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis, MA. [CD-ROM]

Levit, J.J., V. Lakshmanan, K. Manross and R. S. Schneider, 2004: Integration of the Warning Decision Support System - integrated information into the NOAA Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms,Amer. Meteor. Soc.

Schneider, R.S., J.T. Schaefer, and H.E. Brooks, 2004: Tornado outbreak days: An updated and expanded climatology (1875-2003). Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA.

Schneider, R.S., H.E. Brooks and J.T. Schaefer, 2004: Tornado outbreak day sequences: Historic events and climatology (1875-2003). Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA.

Janish, P.R., S.J. Weiss, R. S. Schneider, J.P. Cupo, E. Szoke, J.M. Brown and C.L. Zeigler, 2002: Probabilistic convection initation forecasts in support of IHOP during the 2002 SPC/NSSL Spring Program. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 283-286.

Junker, N.W., R.S. Schneider*, and S.L. Fauver 1999: A study of heavy rainfall events during the Great Midwest Flood of 1993. Wea. Forecasting, 14, 701-712.

Junker, N.W. and R.S. Schneider*, 1997: Two case studies of quasi-stationary convection during the 1993 Great Midwest Flood. Nat. Wea. Dig., 21, 2, 5-17.

Junker, N.W., R.S. Schneider*, and S.L. Fauver, 1996: A comparison of heavy and extreme rainfall events during the Great Midwest Flood of 1993. Preprints, 15th Conf. on Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Norfolk, VA, J120-J123.

Schneider, R.S.*, N. W. Junker, M. T. Eckert, and T. M. Considine, 1996: The performance of the 29 km Meso Eta model in support of forecasting at the Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. Preprints, 15th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Norfolk, VA, J111-J114.

Uccellini, L.W., P.J. Kocin, R.S. Schneider*, P.M. Stokols, and R.A. Dorr, 1995: Forecasting for the 12-14 March 1993 Superstorm. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 183-199.

Schneider, R.S.*, G. J. DiMego, and R. A. Petersen, 1993: Regional forecast improvements using wind profiler data at the National Meteorological Center. Preprints, 13th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Vienna, VA, 455-456.

Schneider, R.S.**, 1992: A comparison of intense extratropical cyclone life cycles from diverse geographical locations. Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Atmospheric and Ocean Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 245 pp.

Schneider, R.S.**, 1990: Large-amplitude mesoscale wave disturbances within the intense Midwest extratropical cyclone of 15 December 1987. Wea. Forecasting, 5, 533-558.

Schneider, R.S.**, 1990: Large-amplitude mesoscale wave disturbances within the intense Midwest extratropical cyclone of 15 December 1987. Preprints, 4th Conf. Mesoscale Processes, Boulder, CO, 152-153.

Schneider, R.S.**, 1986: Quasi-Lagrangian diagnostics of the 9-14 April 1979 Great Plains extratropical cyclone and subsynoptic scales. M.S. Thesis, Dept. of Atmospheric and Ocean Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 152 pp.

Achtor, T.H., R.S. Schneider**, and D.R. Johnson, 1982: Earth and Planetary Atmospheric Circulations Viewed from Space: Educational Modules for the Atmospheric Sciences. Space Science and Engineering Center. University of Wisconsin-Madison. 42 pp. plus charts and data tabulations.

Schneider, R.S.**, D.R. Johnson, T.H. Achtor, D.A. Edman, and C.H. Wash, 1981: Squall Line Development: Educational Modules for the Atmospheric Sciences. Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 70 pp. plus charts and data tabulations.

Achtor, T.H., D.A. Edman, D.R. Johnson, R. S. Schneider**, and C.H. Wash, 1981: Cyclogenesis: Educational Modules for the Atmospheric Sciences. Space Science and Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison (Listed alphabetically not order of authorship), 45 pp. plus charts and data tabulations.

* Author affiliated with Hydrometeorological Prediction Center (NWS/NCEP)
** Author affiliated with Dept. of Atmospheric and Ocean Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison

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Bryan T. Smith
Storm Prediction Center

Anderson-Frey, A.K., Y.P. Richardson, A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson, and B.T. Smith, 2014: Tornado environments, metrics, and warnings: Lessons from a ten-year climatology. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 4B.6.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, A.R. Dean, P.T. Marsh, R. Wagenmaker, G. Mann, M.J. Hudson, and J.T. Ferree, 2014: Demonstrating the utility of conditional probabilities of tornado damage rating in the impact-based warning era. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P89.

Bothwell, P.D., B.T. Smith, R.L. Thompson, A.R. Dean, and J.S. Kain, 2014: Severe weather parameter reanalysis project at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 18.2.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, and A.R. Dean, 2014: The Storm Prediction Center tornadic storm and environment database: Development and application. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 17.1.

Brotzge, J.A., S.E. Nelson, R.L. Thompson, and B.T. Smith, 2013: Tornado probability of detection and lead time as a function of convective mode and environmental parameters. Wea. Forecasting, 28, 1261-1276.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, A.R. Dean, and P.T. Marsh, 2013: Spatial distributions of tornadic near-storm environments by convective mode. Electronic J. Severe Storms Meteor., 8 (5), 1-22.

Twiest, B.L., B.T. Smith, H.E. Brooks, R.L. Thompson, P. Marsh, A.R. Dean, and C.J. Melick, 2013: Localizing tornado climatology in the contiguous United States: An environmental parameter and convective mode focus. Preprints, 20th Conf. on Applied Climatology, Austin, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 4.5.

Smith, B.T., T.E. Castellanos, A.C. Winters, C.M. Mead, A.R. Dean, and R.L. Thompson, 2013: Measured severe convective wind climatology and associated convective modes of thunderstorms in the contiguous United States, 2003-09. Wea. Forecasting, 28, 229-236.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part III: Tropical cyclone tornadoes. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1507-1519.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, A.R. Dean, and P.T. Marsh, 2012: Spatial distributions of tornadic near-storm environments by convective mode. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, 9.5.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2012: Nonsupercell tropical cyclone tornadoes: Documentation, classification and uncertainties. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, 9.6.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, H.E. Brooks, A.R. Dean, and K.L. Elmore, 2012: Diagnosis of conditional maximum tornado probabilities. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P2.2.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, J.S. Grams, C. Broyles, and H.E. Brooks, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part I: Storm classification and climatology. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1114-1135.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, J.S. Grams, A.R. Dean, and C. Broyles, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part II: Supercell and QLCS tornado environments. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1114-1135.

Smith, B.T., A.C. Winters, C.M. Mead, A.R. Dean, and T.E. Castellanos, 2010: Measured severe wind gust climatology of thunderstorms for the contiguous United States, 2003-2009. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 16B.3.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2010: Objective environmental analyses and convective modes for United States tropical cyclone tornadoes from 2003-2008. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P3.2.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, J.S. Grams, and C. Broyles, 2010: Climatology of convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P2.7.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, J.S. Grams, A.R. Dean, and C. Broyles, 2010: Climatology of near-storm environments with convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 16B.6.

Smith, B.T., and J.L. Guyer, 2008: The climatology, convective mode, and mesoscale environment of cool-season severe thunderstorms in the Ohio and Tennessee Valleys, 1995-2006. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 13B.7.

Smith, B.T.*, 2007: Climatology of cool season severe thunderstorms in the east-central United States, 1995-2002. M.S. Thesis, Department of Geography, Ball State University, 76 pp.

Smith, B.T.*, C. Omitt, and J.L. Guyer, 2006: Characteristics of cool season severe environments in the Ohio Valley (1995-2006). Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO, CD-ROM.

Smith, B.T.*, 2006: SVRGIS: Geographic Information System (GIS) Graphical Database of Tornado, Large Hail, and Damaging Wind Reports in the United States (1950-2005). Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO, CD-ROM.

* Author affiliated with Ball State University.

* Author affiliated with NWS WFO at Indianapolis, IN.

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Richard L. Thompson
Storm Prediction Center

Edwards, R., and R.L. Thompson, 2014: Reversible CAPE in tropical cyclone tornado regimes. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P88.

Anderson-Frey, A.K., Y.P. Richardson, A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson, and B.T. Smith, 2014: Tornado environments, metrics, and warnings: Lessons from a ten-year climatology. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 4B.6.

Bothwell, P.D., B.T. Smith, R.L. Thompson, A.R. Dean, and J.S. Kain, 2014: Severe weather parameter reanalysis project at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 18.2.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, A.R. Dean, P.T. Marsh, R. Wagenmaker, G. Mann, M.J. Hudson, and J.T. Ferree, 2014: Demonstrating the utility of conditional probabilities of tornado damage rating in the impact-based warning era. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P89.

Rogers, J.W., R.L. Thompson, and P.T. Marsh, 2014: Potential applications of a CONUS sounding climatology developed at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P145.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, and A.R. Dean, 2014: The Storm Prediction Center tornadic storm and environment database: Development and application. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 17.1.

Bunkers, M.J., D.A. Barber, R.L. Thompson, R. Edwards, and J.M. Garner, 2014: Choosing a universal mean wind for supercell motion prediction. NWA Electronic J. Oper. Meteor., 2 (11), 115-129.

Brotzge, J.A., S.E. Nelson, R.L. Thompson, and B.T. Smith, 2013: Tornado probability of detection and lead time as a function of convective mode and environmental parameters. Wea. Forecasting, 28, 1261-1276.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, A.R. Dean, and P.T. Marsh, 2013: Spatial distributions of tornadic near-storm environments by convective mode. Electronic J. Severe Storms Meteor., 8 (5), 1-22.

Twiest, B.L., B.T. Smith, H.E. Brooks, R.L. Thompson, P. Marsh, A.R. Dean, and C.J. Melick, 2013: Localizing tornado climatology in the contiguous United States: An environmental parameter and convective mode focus. Preprints, 20th Conf. on Applied Climatology, Austin, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 4.5.

Smith, B.T., T.E. Castellanos, A.C. Winters, C.M. Mead, A.R. Dean, and R.L. Thompson, 2013: Measured severe convective wind climatology and associated convective modes of thunderstorms in the contiguous United States, 2003-09. Wea. Forecasting, 28, 229-236.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part III: Tropical cyclone tornadoes. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1507-1519.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2012: Nonsupercell tropical cyclone tornadoes: Documentation, classification and uncertainties. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, 9.6.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, A.R. Dean, and P.T. Marsh, 2012: Spatial distributions of tornadic near-storm environments by convective mode. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, 9.5.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, H.E. Brooks, A.R. Dean, and K.L. Elmore, 2012: Diagnosis of conditional maximum tornado probabilities. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P2.2.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, J.S. Grams, C. Broyles, and H.E. Brooks, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part I: Storm classification and climatology. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1114-1135.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, J.S. Grams, A.R. Dean, and C. Broyles, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part II: Supercell and QLCS tornado environments. Wea. Forecasting, 27, 1114-1135.

Naylor, J., M.S. Gilmore, R.L. Thompson, R. Edwards, and R.B. Wilhelmson, 2012: Comparison of objective supercell identification techniques using an idealized cloud model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 140, 2090-2102.

Grams, J.S., R.L. Thompson, D.V. Snively, J.A. Prentice, G.M. Hodges, and L.J. Reames, 2012: A climatology and comparison of parameters for significant tornado events in the United States. Wea. Forecasting, 21, 106-123.

Mead, C.M., and R.L. Thompson, 2011: Environmental characteristics associated with nocturnal significant-tornado events in the central and southern Great Plains. Electronic J. Severe Storms Meteor., 6 (6), 1-35.

Edwards, R., A.R. Dean, R.L. Thompson and B.T. Smith, 2010: Objective environmental analyses and convective modes for United States tropical cyclone tornadoes from 2003-2008. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P3.2.

Smith, B.T., R.L. Thompson, J.S. Grams, and C. Broyles, 2010: Climatology of convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P2.7.

Mead, C.M., and R.L. Thompson, 2010: A synoptic-scale environment associated with significant nocturnal tornado events in the Great Plains. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 1.4.

Burkett, L., M. S. Gilmore, R.L. Thompson, R. Edwards, J.M. Straka, and R.B. Wilhelmson, 2010: Characteristics of supercells simulated with tornadic and non-tornadic RUC-2 proximity soundings. Part I: Sensitivity to convective initiation mechanisms. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P8.23.

Gilmore, M.S., L. Burkett, R. Edwards, and R.L. Thompson, 2010: Characteristics of supercells simulated with tornadic and non-tornadic RUC-2 proximity soundings. Part II: Sounding variables as predictors of simulated low-level rotation. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 7A.1.

Naylor, J., M.S. Gilmore, R.L. Thompson, and R. Edwards, 2010: Characteristics of supercells simulated with tornadic and non-tornadic RUC-2 proximity soundings. Part III: Comparisons at tornado-resolving grid spacing. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P10.20.

Thompson, R.L., B.T. Smith, J.S. Grams, A.R. Dean, and C. Broyles, 2010: Climatology of near-storm environments with convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 16B.6.

Dial, G.L., J.P. Racy and R.L. Thompson, 2010: Short-term convective mode evolution along synoptic boundaries. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 1430-1446.

Edwards, R., and R.L. Thompson, 2009: Comments on "The North Dakota tornadic supercells of 18 July 2004: Issues concerning high LCL heights and evapotranspiration". Wea. Forecasting, 24, 1149-1158.

Dean, A.R., R.S. Schneider, R.L. Thompson, J.A. Hart, and P.D. Bothwell, 2009: The conditional risk of severe convection estimated from NWS Storm Prediction Center mesoscale objective analyses: Potential uses in support of forecast operations and verification. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Omaha NE, 6A.5.

Houston, A.L., R.L. Thompson and R. Edwards, 2008: The optimal bulk wind differential depth and the utility of the upper-tropospheric storm-relative flow for forecasting supercells. Wea. Forecasting, 23, 825-837.

Thompson, R.L., and J.S. Grams, 2008: Synoptic environments and convective modes associated with significant tornadoes in the contiguous United States. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 16A.3.

Levit, J.J., J.A. Hart, R.S. Schneider, D.R. Bright, and R.L. Thompson, 2008: Utilizing short-range ensemble point forecast soundings for severe storms forecasting. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Sava nnah GA, 13A.2.

Thompson, R.L., C.M. Mead and R. Edwards, 2007: Effective storm-relative helicity and bulk shear in supercell thunderstorm environments. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 102-115.

Doswell, C.A. III, R. Edwards, R.L. Thompson, J.A. Hart, and K.C. Crosbie, 2006: A simple and flexible method for ranking severe weather events. Wea. Forecasting, 21, 939-951.

Thompson, R.L., and C.M. Mead, 2006: Tornado failure modes in central and southern Great Plains severe thunderstorm episodes. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO.

Goss, S.M., R.L. Thompson, and E. Bookbinder, 2006: An elevated supercell with damaging wind from the morning of 12 March 2006. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO.

Edwards, R., R.L. Thompson and C.M. Mead, 2004: Assessment of anticyclonic supercell environments using close proximity soundings from the RUC model. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, P1.2.

Thompson, R.L., C.M. Mead, and R. Edwards, 2004: Effective bulk shear in supercell thunderstorm environments. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, P1.1.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, and C.M. Mead, 2004: Effective storm-relative helicity in supercell thunderstorm environments. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, 2.4.

Edwards, R., R.L. Thompson, K.C. Crosbie, J.A. Hart, and C. A. Doswell III, 2004: Proposals for modernizing the definitions of tornado and severe thunderstorm outbreaks. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA, 7.B.2.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, and C.M. Mead, 2004: An update to the supercell composite and significant tornado parameters. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, J.A. Hart, K.L. Elmore and P.M. Markowski, 2003: Close proximity soundings within supercell environments obtained from the Rapid Update Cycle. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 1243-1261.

Markowski, P.M., C. Hannon, J. Frame, E. Lancaster, A. Pietrycha, R. Edwards and R.L. Thompson, 2003: Characteristics of vertical wind profiles near supercells obtained from the Rapid Update Cycle. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 1262-1272.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards and J.A. Hart, 2002: Evaluation and interpretation of the supercell composite and significant tornado parameters at the Storm Prediction Center.. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J11-J14.

Edwards, R., R.L. Thompson, and J.A. Hart, 2002: Verification of supercell motion forecast techniques. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J57-J60.

Bothwell, P.D., J.A. Hart and R.L. Thompson, 2002: An integrated three-dimensional objective analysis scheme in use at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J117-J120.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards, J.A. Hart and K.L. Elmore, 2002: RUC-2 model analysis soundings as a surrogate for observed soundings in supercell environments. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 591-594.

Thompson, R.L., R. Edwards and J.A. Hart, 2002: An assessment of supercell and tornado forecast parameters with RUC-2 model close proximity soundings. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 595-598.

Markowski, P.M., C. Hannon, J. Frame, E. Lancaster, A. Pietrycha, R. Edwards and R.L. Thompson, 2002: Characteristics of RUC vertical wind profiles near supercells. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 599-602.

Edwards, R., S. F. Corfidi, R. L. Thompson, J. S. Evans, J. P. Craven, J. P. Racy, D. W. McCarthy, and M. D. Vescio, 2001: Storm Prediction Center forecasting issues related to the 3 May 1999 tornado outbreak. Wea. Forecasting, 17, 544-558.

Vescio, M. D., and R. L. Thompson, 2001: Subjective tornado probability forecasts in severe weather watches. Wea. Forecasting., 16, 192-195.

Thompson, R. L., and R. Edwards, 2000: An overview of environmental conditions and forecast implications of the 3 May 1999 tornado outbreak. Wea. Forecasting., 15, 682-699.

Bunkers, M. J., B. A. Klimowski, J. W. Zeitler, R. L. Thompson, and M. L. Weisman, 2000: Predicting supercell motion using a new hodograph technique. Wea. Forecasting, 15, 61-79.

Thompson, R. L., and R. Edwards, 2000: A comparison of Rapid Update Cycle 2 (RUC-2) model soundings with observed soundings in supercell environments. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 551-554.

Thompson, R. L., and R. Edwards, 2000: RUC-2 supercell proximity soundings, Part I: An examination of storm-relative winds normalized to supercell depth. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 431-434

Edwards, R., and R. L. Thompson, 2000: RUC-2 supercell proximity soundings, Part II: An independent assessment of supercell forecast parameters. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 435-438.

Edwards, R., R. L. Thompson, and J. G. LaDue, 2000: Initiation of storm A (3 May 1999) along a possible horizontal convective roll. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 60-63.

Vescio, M. D., and R. L. Thompson, 2000: Using the Destruction Potential Index (DPI) to compare tornado outbreaks in 1998 and 1999. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 424-426.

Edwards, R., and R. L. Thompson, 1998: Nationwide comparisons of hail size with WSR-88D vertically integrated liquid water and derived thermodynamic sounding data. Wea. Forecasting, 13, 277-285.

Thompson, R. L., 1998: Eta model storm-relative winds associated with tornadic and nontornadic supercells. Wea. Forecasting, 13, 125-137.

Thompson, R. L., and M. D. Vescio, 1998: The Destruction Potential Index: A method for comparing tornado days. Preprints, 19th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 280-282.

Vescio, M. D., and R. L. Thompson, 1998: Some meteorological conditions associated with isolated F3-F5 tornadoes in the cool season. Preprints, 19th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 2-4.

Thompson, R. L., 1996: Supercell tornado forecasts derived from Eta model storm-relative winds. Preprints, 18th Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Francisco, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc, 362-366.

Thompson, R. L.*, H. Guerrero, J. Livingston, K. Prochazka, and W. Read, 1995: Operational response of the Houston National Weather Service office to the November 16, 1993 tornadoes. Preprints, 14th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Dallas, TX, (J2) 25-29.

Thompson, R. L.*, J. M. Lewis, and R. A. Maddox, 1994: Autumnal return of tropical air to the Gulf of Mexico's coastal plain. Wea. Forecasting, 9, 348-360.

Thompson, R. L.*, J. M. Lewis, and R. A. Maddox, 1993: Autumnal return of tropical air to the Gulf of Mexico's coastal plain. Preprints, 17th Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis, MO., 25-29.

Thompson, R. L.**, 1992: Equilibrium theta-e over the Gulf of Mexico and its relationship to severe thunderstorms in the cool season. M.S. Thesis, School of Meteorology, University of Oklahoma, 119 pp.

* Author affiliated with NWS WFO at Houston, TX.
** Author affiliated with School of Meteorology, University of Oklahoma

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Steven J. Weiss
Storm Prediction Center

Jirak, I.L., M. Coniglio, A.J. Clark, J. Correia Jr., K.H. Knopfmeier, C.J. Melick, S.J. Weiss, J.S. Kain, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, K. Brewster, Y. Wang, Y. Jung, and S. Willington, 2014: An overview of the 2014 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P46.

Melick, C.J., I.L. Jirak, J. Correia Jr., A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2014: Exploration of the NSSL Maximum Expected Size of Hail (MESH) product for verifying experimental hail forecasts in the 2014 spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, P76.

Jirak, I.L., C.J. Melick, and S.J. Weiss, 2014: Combining probabilistic ensemble information from the environment with simulated storm attributes to generate calibrated probabilities of severe weather hazards. Preprints, 27th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Madison, WI, 2.5.

Melick, C.J, I.L. Jirak, J. Correia Jr., A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2013: Utility of objective verification metrics during the 2013 HWT spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 38th NWA Annual Meeting, Charleston, SC, Natl. Wea. Assoc., P1.27.

Herzog, B.S., C.J. Melick, J.S. Grams, I.L. Jirak, A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2012: Usefulness of storm-scale model guidance for forecasting dry thunderstorms at SPC. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, P8.123.

Clark, A.J., S.J. Weiss, J.S. Kain, I.L. Jirak, M. Coniglio, C.J. Melick, C. Siewert, R.A. Sobash, P.T. Marsh, A.R. Dean, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, Y. Wang, K. Brewster, J. Gao, X. Wang, J. Du, D.R. Novak, F.E. Barthold, M.J. Bodner, J.J. Levit, C.B. Entwistle, T.L. Jensen, and J. Correia Jr., 2012: An overview of the 2010 Hazardous Weather Testbed Experimental Forecast Program spring experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Sci., 93, 55-74.

Miller, S.D. Jr., J.S. Kain, P.T. Marsh, A.J. Clark, M.C. Coniglio, V. Lakshmanan, J. Correia Jr., D.A. Imy, S.R. Dembek, I.L. Jirak, S.J. Weiss, A.R. Dean, C.J. Melick, R. Sobash, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2012: Assessment of timing and coverage of convection during the 2012 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Forecasting Experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, 10.3.

Jirak, I.L., C.J. Melick, A.R. Dean, S.J. Weiss, and J. Correia Jr., 2012: Investigation of an automated temporal disaggregation technique for convective outlooks during the 2012 Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville TN, P9.137.

Jirak, I.L., S. J. Weiss, and C. J. Melick, 2012: The SPC storm-scale ensemble of opportunity: Overview and results from the 2012 Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 26th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, 10.2.

Melick, C.J, I.L. Jirak, A.R. Dean, J. Correia Jr., and S.J. Weiss, 2012: Real time objective verification of convective forecasts: 2012 HWT Spring Forecast Experiment. Preprints, 37th Natl. Wea. Assoc. Annual Meeting, Madison, WI, P1.52.

Sobash, R.A., J.S. Kain, D.R. Bright, A.R. Dean, M.C. Coniglio, and S.J. Weiss, 2011: Probabilistic forecast guidance for severe thunderstorms based on the identification of extreme phenomena in convection-allowing model forecasts. Wea. Forecasting, 26, 714-728.

Carley, J.R., B.R.J. Schwedler, M.E. Baldwin, R.J. Trapp, J. Kwiatkowski, J. Logsdon, and S.J. Weiss, 2011: A proposed model-based methodology for feature-specific prediction for high-impact weather. Wea. Forecasting, 26, 243-249.

Coniglio, M.C., K.L. Elmore, J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, M. Xue, and M.L. Weisman, 2010: Evaluation of wrf model output for severe weather forecasting from the 2008 noaa hazardous weather testbed spring experiment. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 408-427.

Barthold, F.E., M. J. Bodner, D.R. Novak, R. Bann, R. Oravec, B. Sullivan, A.R. Dean, I.L. Jirak, C.J. Melick, R.A. Sobash, A.J. Clark, F. Kong, S.J. Weiss, and M. Xue, 2011: The quantitative precipitation forecasting component of the 2010 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment. Preprints, 24th Conf. Weather and Forecasting/20th Conf. Numerical Weather Prediction, Seattle, WA, Amer. Meteor. Soc.

Marsh, P.T., J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, I.L. Jirak, R. Sobash, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, and M. Xue, 2010: Investigating a fundamental component of a warn-on-forecast system in a collaborative real-time experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 14.4.

Sobash, R., J.S. Kain, M.C. Coniglio, A.R. Dean, D.R. Bright, and S.J. Weiss, 2010: Using convection-allowing models to produce forecast guidance for severe thunderstorm hazards via a "surrogate severe" approach. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 14.3.

Jensen, T.L., M. Harrold, B.G. Brown, S.J. Weiss, P.T. Marsh, M. Xue, F. Kong, A.J. Clark, K.W. Thomas, J.S. Kain, R.S. Schneider, D. R. Novak, F.E. Barthold, J.J. Levit, and M.C. Coniglio, 2010: An overview of the objective evaluation performed during the Hazardous Weather Testbed (HWT) 2010 spring experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13B.1.

Clark, A.J., M. Xue, F. Kong, K. Thomas, Y. Wang, K. Brewster, J. Gao, K.K. Droegemeier, J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, D.R. Bright, M.C. Coniglio, and J. Du, 2010: Probabilistic precipitation forecast skill as a function of ensemble size and spatial scale in a convection-allowing ensemble. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 12B.4.

Christenberry, A., A.L. Lamers, B.A. Mejia, A.R. Dean, and S.J. Weiss, 2010: A multi-tiered verification of SPC tornado watches. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, P4.4.

Xue, M., F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, Y. Wang, K. Brewster, J. Gao, X. Wang, S.J. Weiss, A.J. Clark, J.S. Kain, M.C. Coniglio, J. Du, T.L. Jensen, and Y.H. Kuo, 2010: CAPS realtime storm scale ensemble and high resolution forecasts for the NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed 2010 spring experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 7B.3.

Onderlinde, M., H.E. Fuelberg, S.J. Weiss, and A.I. Watson, 2010: A new parameter for forecasting tornadoes in landfalling tropical cyclones. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 4B.2.

Bosart, L.F., T.J. Melino, S.R. Sukup, S.J. Weiss, J.P. Racy, R.S. Schneider, E.S. Pytlak, J.E. Matusiak, and D.R. Bright, 2010: Potential vorticity disturbances as a source of severe weather in the Southwest. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 2.1.

Miller, S.J. Jr., G.W. Carbin, J.S. Kain, E.W. McCaul Jr., A.R. Dean, C.J. Melick, and S.J. Weiss, 2010: Preliminary Investigation into Lightning Hazard Prediction from High Resolution Numerical Model Output. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 4B.1.

Harless, A.R., S.J. Weiss, R.S. Schneider, M. Xue, and F. Kong, 2010: A report and feature-based verification study of the CAPS 2008 storm-scale ensemble forecasts for severe convective weather. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13.2.

Jirak, I.L., S.J. Weiss, C.J. Melick, P.T. Marsh, J.S. Kain, A.J. Clark, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2010: Evaluation of the performance and distribution of hourly maximum fields from storm-scale ensemble forecasts. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13B.3.

Melick, C.J., I.L. Jirak, S.J. Weiss, A.J. Clark, P.T. Marsh, J.S. Kain, M. Xue, F. Kong, and K.W. Thomas, 2010: An environmental climatology of the CAPS storm-scale ensemble forecast system during the 2010 HWT Spring Experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 13B.5.

Weiss, S.J., A.J. Clark, I.L. Jirak, C.J. Melick, C. Siewert, R.A. Sobash, P.T. Marsh, A.R. Dean, J.S. Kain, M. Coniglio, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, J. Du, D.R. Novak, F. Barthold, M.J. Bodner, J.J. Levit, C.B. Entwistle, R.S. Schneider, and T.L. Jensen, 2010: An overview of the 2010 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed spring forecasting experiment. Preprints, 25th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Denver CO, 7B.1.

Kain, J.S., S.R. Dembek, S.J. Weiss, J.L. Case, J.J. Levit, and R.A. Sobash, 2010: Extracting unique information from high-resolution forecast models: monitoring selected fields and phenomena every time step. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 1536-1542.

Kain, J.S., and Coauthors, 2010: Assessing advances in the assimilation of radar data and other mesoscale observations within a collaborative forecasting-research environment. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 1510-1521.

Potvin, C.K., K.L. Elmore, and S.J. Weiss, 2010: Assessing the impacts of proximity sounding criteria on the climatology of significant tornado environments. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 921-930.

Corfidi, S. F., S.J. Weiss, J.S. Kain, S.J. Corfidi, R.M. Rabin, and J.J. Levit, 2010: Revisiting the 3-4 April 1974 Super Outbreak of tornadoes. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 465-510.

Schwartz, C.S., and Coauthors, 2010: Toward improved convection-allowing ensembles: model physics sensitivities and optimizing probabilistic guidance with small ensemble membership. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 263-280.

Potvin, C.K., S.J. Weiss and K.L. Elmore, 2008: Assessing the impact of proximity sounding criteria on climatologies of significant severe weather environments. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 16A.4.

Weiss, S.J., M.E. Pyle, Z. Janjic, D.R. Bright and G.J. DiMego, 2008: The operational High Resolution Window WRF model runs at NCEP: Advantages of multiple model runs for severe convective weather forecasting. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, P10.8.

Bright, D.R., S.J. Weiss, J.J. Levit, and R.S. Schneider, 2008: The evolution of multi-scale ensemble guidance in the prediction of convective and severe convective storms at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, P10.7.

Levit, J.J., G.W. Carbin, D.R. Bright, J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, R.S. Schneider, M.C. Coniglio, M. Xue, K.W. Thomas, M. Pyle, and M.L. Weisman, 2008: The NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed 2008 spring experiment: Technical and scientific challenges of creating a data visualization environment for storm-scale deterministic and ensemble forecasts. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, P10.5.

Schwartz, C.S., J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, D.R. Bright, M. Xue, F. Kong, K.W. Thomas, J.J. Levit, and M.C. Coniglio, 2008: Next-day convection-allowing WRF model guidance: A second look at 2- vs. 4-km grid spacing. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, P10.3.

Schwartz, C.S., J.S. Kain, D.R. Bright, S.J. Weiss, M. Xue, F. Kong, J.J. Levit, M.C. Coniglio, and M.S. Wandishin, 2008: Toward improved convection-allowing ensembles: Model physics sensitivities and optimizing probabilistic guidance with small ensemble membership. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 13A.6.

Coniglio, M.C., J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, D.R. Bright, J.J. Levit, G.W. Carbin, K.W. Thomas, F. Kong, M. Xue, M.L. Weisman, and M.E. Pyle, 2008: Evaluation of WRF model output for severe weather forecasting from the 2008 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 12.4.

Kong, F., M. Xue, K.K. Droegemeier, K.W. Thomas, Y. Wang, J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, D.R. Bright, and J. Du, 2008: Real-time storm-scale ensemble forecast 2008 spring experiment. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 12.3.

Xue, M., F. Kong, K. W. Thomas, J. Gao, Y, Wang, K. Brewster, K.K. Droegemeier, J.S. Kain, S.J. Weiss, D.R. Bright, M.C. Coniglio, and J. Du, 2008: CAPS real-time storm-scale ensemble and high-resolution forecasts as part of the NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed 2008 spring experiment. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 12.2.

Kain, J.S., S.J. Weiss, S.R. Dembek, J.J. Levit, D.R. Bright, J.L. Case, M. Coniglio, A.R. Dean, and R, Sobash, 2008: Severe weather forecast guidance from the first generation of large domain convection-allowing models: Challenges and opportunities. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 12.1.

Sobash, R., D.R. Bright, A.R. Dean, J.S. Kain, M. Coniglio, S.J. Weiss and J.J. Levit, 2008: Severe storm forecast guidance based on explicit identification of convective phenomena in WRF model forecasts. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 11.3.

Evans, J.S., C.M. Mead and S.J. Weiss, 2008: Forecasting the Super Tuesday tornado outbreak at the Storm Prediction Center: Why forecast uncertainty does not necessarily decrease as you get closer to a high impact weather event. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, 3A.2.

Bright, D.R., S.J. Weiss, J.J. Levit, and R.S. Schneider, 2008: The evolution of multi-scale ensemble guidance in the prediction of convective and severe convective storms at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 24th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Savannah GA, P10.7.

Kain, J.S., and Coauthors, 2008: Some practical considerations regarding horizontal resolution in the first generation of operational convection-allowing nwp. Wea. Forecasting, 23, 931-952.

Coniglio, M.C., H.E. Brooks, S.J. Weiss, and S.F. Corfidi, 2007: Forecasting the maintenance of quasi-linear mesoscale convective systems. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 556-570.

Wasula, A.C., L.F. Bosart, R.S. Schneider, S.J. Weiss, R.H. Johns, G.S. Manikin, and P. Welsh, 2007: Mesoscale aspects of the rapid intensification of a tornadic convective line across central Florida: 22-23 February 1998. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 223-243.

Schneider, R.S., A.R. Dean, S.J. Weiss, and P.D. Bothwell, 2006: Analysis of estimated environments for 2004 and 2005 severe convective storm reports. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO, CD-ROM.

Weiss, S.J., D.R. Bright, J.S. Kain, J.J. Levit, M.E. Pyle, Z.I. Janjic, B.S. Ferrier, and J. Du, 2006: Complementary Use of Short-range Ensemble and 4.5 KM WRF-NMM Model Guidance for Severe Weather Forecasting at the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM]

Kain, J.S., S.J. Weiss, J.J. Levit, M.E. Baldwin, and D.R. Bright, 2006: Examination of convection-allowing configurations of the WRF model for the prediction of severe convective weather: The SPC/NSSL Spring Program 2004. Wea. Forecasting, 21, 167-181.

Bright, D.R., M.S. Wandishin, R.E. Jewell, and S.J. Weiss, 2005: A physically based parameter for lightning prediction and its calibration in ensemble forecasts. Preprints, Conf. Meteor. Applications of Lightning Data, San Diego, CA, CD-ROM (4.3).

Coniglio, M.C., M. Bardon, K. Virts, and S.J. Weiss, 2006: Forecasting the maintenance of mesoscale convective systems. Preprints, 23rd Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis MO. [CD-ROM]

Wasula, A.C., L.F. Bosart, R.S. Schneider, S.J. Weiss, R.H. Johns, G.S. Manikin, and P. Welsh, 2004: The structure and climatology of boundary layer winds in the Southeast United States and its relationship to nocturnal tornado episodes. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis, MA. [CD-ROM]

Corfidi, S.F., J.J. Levit, and S.J. Weiss, 2004: The super outbreak: Outbreak of the century. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis MA. [CD-ROM]

Bright, D.R., M.S. Wandishin, S.J. Weiss, J.J. Levit, J.S. Kain, and D.J. Stensrud, 2004: Evaluation of short-range ensemble forcasts in predicting severe convective weather during the 2003 SPC/NSSL Spring Program. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis, MA, P15.5.

Weiss, S.J., J.S. Kain, J.J. Levit, M.E. Baldwin, and D.R. Bright, 2004: Examination of several different versions of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model for the prediction of severe convective weather: The SPC/NSSL Spring Program 2004. Preprints, 22nd Conf. Severe Local Storms, Hyannis, MA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 17.1.

Kain, J.S., S.J. Weiss, D.R. Bright, M.E. Baldwin, M. Dahmer, and J. Levit, 2004: Subjective verification of deterministic models during the 2003 SPC/NSSL Spring Program. Preprints, 16th Conf. Numerical Weather Prediction, Seattle, WA, 9.3.

Levit, J.J., D.J. Stensrud, D.R. Bright, and S.J. Weiss, 2004: Evaluation of short-range ensemble forecasts during the SPC/NSSL 2003 Spring Program. Preprints, 16th Conf. Numerical Weather Prediction, Seattle, WA, 23.4.

Schaefer, J.T., J.J. Levit, S.J. Weiss and D.W. McCarthy, 2004: The frequency of large hail over the contiguous United States. Preprints, 14th Conf. Applied Climatology, Seattle WA.

Elmore, K.L., S.J. Weiss, and P.C. Banacos, 2003: Operational ensemble cloud model forecasts: some preliminary results. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 953-964.

Kain, J.S., M.E. Baldwin, P.R. Janish, S.J. Weiss, M.P. Kay, and G.W. Carbin, 2003: Subjective verification of numerical models as a component of a broader interaction between research and operations. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 847-860.

Kain, J.S., M.E. Baldwin, and S.J. Weiss, 2003: Parameterized updraft mass flux as a predictor of convective intensity. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 106-116.

Janish, P.R., S.J. Weiss, R. S. Schneider, J.P. Cupo, E. Szoke, J.M. Brown and C.L. Zeigler, 2002: Probabilistic convection initation forecasts in support of IHOP during the 2002 SPC/NSSL Spring Program. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 283-286.

Weiss, S.J., J.A. Hart and P.R. Janish, 2002: An examination of severe thunderstorm wind report climatology. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 446-449.

G.S. Manikin, K.E. Mitchell, B.S. Ferrier and S.J. Weiss, 2002: Low level moisture in the Eta model: An update. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, 615-618.

J.S. Kain, M.E. Baldwin, S.J. Weiss, P.R. Janish, J.A. Hart and A. Just, 2002: Grassroots science and technology transfer in a collaborative research/operational environment. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J1-J6.

Elmore, K.L., S.J. Weiss, P.C. Banacos and S.K. Jones, 2002: Operational ensemble cloud model forecasts: Some premilinart results. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J15-J18.

J.S. Kain, M.E. Baldwin, S.J. Weiss, P.R. Janish, G.W. Carbin, M.P. Kay, and L. Brown, 2002: Subjective verification of numerical models as a component of a broader interaction between research and operations. Preprints, 21st Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, J25-J28.

Stensrud, D.J., and S.J. Weiss, 2002: Mesoscale model ensemble forecasts of the 3 May 1999 tornado outbreak. Wea. Forecasting, 17, 526-543.

Stensrud, D.J., H.E. Brooks, and S.J. Weiss, 2001: Weather prediction: Severe weather forecasting. Encyclopedia of the Atmospheric Sciences, Academic Press, New York, (in review).

Schwartz, B., S.J. Weiss, and S. Benjamin, 2000: An assessment of the rapid update cycle short-range forecast fields related to convective development. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 443-446.

Manikin, G.S., K.E. Mitchell, and S.J. Weiss, 2000: Eta model forecasts of return flow moisture. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 493-496.

Weiss, S.J., and D.J. Stensrud, 2000: Mesoscale model ensemble forecasts of the 3 May 1999 tornado outbreak. Preprints, 20th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Orlando, FL, 17-20.

Brooks, H. E., and S. J. Weiss, 1999: Severe local storms. Proceedings, WMO-UNESCO Sub-Forum on Science and Technology in Support of Natural Disaster Reduction, Geneva, Switzerland, World Meteorological Organization, 12-31.

Smith, S., J. Johnson, R. Roberts, S. Weiss, and S. Zubrick, 1998: The system for convection analysis and nowcasting (SCAN) 1997-1998 field test. Preprints, 19th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 790-793.

Weiss, S. J., G. S. Manikin and K. E. Mitchell, 1998: Eta model forecasts of low-level moisture return from the Gulf of Mexico during the cool season. Preprints, 19th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 673-676.

Leftwich, P. W., J. T. Schaefer, S. J. Weiss, and M. P. Kay, 1998: Severe convective storm probabilities for local areas in watches issued by the Storm Prediction Center. Preprints, 19th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 548-551.

Weiss, S. J., and M. D. Vescio, 1998: Severe local storm climatology 1955-1996: Analysis of reporting trends and implications for NWS operations. Preprints, 19th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, 536-539.

Weiss, S. J., and B. N. Grant, 1998: Forecasting convective storm type: Evolution of the vertical wind structure during the 2 July 1997 severe storm outbreak in lower Michigan. Preprints, 19th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 163-166.

Smith S., T. Graziano, M. Eilts, J. Johnson, J. Wilson, R. Roberts, D. Burgess, D. Kitzmiller, R. Saffle, R. Elvander, S. Zubrick, S. Weiss, J. Schaefer, and D. Imy, 1998: The system for convection analysis and nowcasting (SCAN). Preprints, 16th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Phoenix, AZ, J22-J24.

Janish, P. R., and S. J. Weiss, 1997: Assessing the value of storm scale numerical weather prediction models for operational convective forecasting. Preprints, 2nd Korea-United States Joint Workshop on Storm/Mesoscale Analysis and Prediction, Seoul, Korea, 22-27

Vescio, M. D., S. J. Weiss, and F. P. Ostby, 1996: Tornadoes associated with tropical storm Beryl. Nat. Wea. Dig., 21, 1, 2-10.

Janish, P. R., and S. J. Weiss, 1996: Evaluation of various mesoscale phenomena associated with severe convection during VORTEX-95 using the Meso-eta model. Preprints, 15th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Norfolk, VA, Amer. Meteor. Soc. 612-615.

Weiss, S. J., 1996: Forecasting severe thunderstorms in eastern Colorado using Eta model grid point data. Preprints, 18th Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Francisco, CA, 677-680.

Weiss, S. J., 1996: Operational evaluation of the Mesoeta model for the prediction of severe local storms. Preprints, 18th Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Francisco, CA, 367-371.

Vescio, M. D., and S. J. Weiss, 1996: An assessment of the Eta model's performance during the tornado outbreak associated with tropical storm Beryl. Preprints, 18th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, San Francisco, CA, 357-361.

Edwards, R., and S. J. Weiss, 1996: Comparisons between Gulf of Mexico sea surface temperature anomalies and southern U.S. severe thunderstorm frequency in the cool season. Preprints, 18th Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Francisco, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 317-320.

Vescio, M. D., and S. J. Weiss, 1995: Tornadoes associated with tropical storm Beryl. Preprints, 21st Conf. Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Miami, FL, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 469-471.

Weiss, S. J., 1994: Book Review: The Tornado: Its Structure, Dynamics, Prediction, and Hazards; C. Church, D. Burgess, C. Doswell, and R. Davies-Jones, Eds., 637 pp., Amer. Geophys. Union. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 75, 2320-2321.

Hoke, J. E, P. L. Burek, S. J. Weiss, N. W. Junker, A. H. Smith, C. K. Hodges, K. A. Jungbluth, and J. R. Leathers, 1994: An initial forecast comparison of the Eta model to the limited-area fine-mesh model. National Weather Service Tech. Procedures Bulletin 413, Washington, DC, 38 pp.

Weiss, S. J., and K. A. Jungbluth, 1994: Evaluation of Eta model guidance for the prediction of severe local storms. Preprints, 10th Conf. Numerical Weather Prediction, Portland, OR, 383-385.

Janish, P., K. Mitchell, G. DiMego, S. Lyons, and S. Weiss, 1993: Impacts of nested grid model changes and Eta model performance on low-level moisture evolution during the return flow cycle. Preprints, 17th Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis, MO, 512-515.

Weiss, S. J., and F. P. Ostby, 1993: Synoptic and mesoscale environment associated with severe local storms produced by hurricane Andrew. Preprints, 17th Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis, MO, 267-271.

Weiss, S. J., and K. A. Jungbluth, 1993: Diagnosis of NGM lifted index prediction errors using model forecast soundings and grid point data. Preprints, 17th Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis, MO, 118-122.

Murphy, A. H., C. A. Doswell III, S. J. Weiss, P. D. Bothwell, and H. E. Brooks, 1993: Probabilistic severe weather forecasting at NSSFC: An experiment. Preprints, 17th Conf. Severe Local Storms, St. Louis, MO, 74-76.

Ostby, F. P., and S. J. Weiss, 1993: Tornadoes associated with hurricane Andrew. Preprints, 13th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Vienna, VA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 490-493.

Jungbluth, K. A., and S. J. Weiss, 1993: Identification of NGM lifted index prediction errors: Underestimates of instability during the warm season. Preprints, 13th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Vienna, VA, 58-61.

Doswell, C. A. III, S. J. Weiss, and R. H. Johns, 1993: Tornado forecasting: A review. The Tornado: Its Structure, Dynamics, Prediction, and Hazards, Geophys. Monogr., No. 79, C. Church, D. Burgess, C. Doswell III, and R. Davies-Jones, Eds., Amer. Geophys. Union, Washington, DC, 557-571.

Hoke, J. E., P. L. Burek, S. J. Weiss, N. W. Junker, A. H. Smith, C. K. Hodges, K. A. Jungbluth, and J. R. Leathers, 1993: Forecaster evaluation of the limited-area fine-mesh model and the Eta model. CAS/JSC Working Group on Numerical Experimentation, Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modeling.

Weiss, S. J., 1993: Planned assessment of "early" ETA model guidance. NSSFC Operational Notes - February 1993, National Weather Service, National Severe Storms Forecast Center, Kansas City, MO, 3.

Weiss, S. J., 1992: Some aspects of forecasting severe thunderstorms during cool-season return flow episodes. J. Appl. Meteor., 31, 964-982.

Weiss, S. J., 1990: The impact of low-level moisture and air mass stability on severe storm forecasting during return flow episodes. Preprints, 16th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Kananaskis Park, AB, Canada, 90-95.

Doswell, C. A. III, D. L. Keller, and S. J. Weiss, 1990: An analysis of the temporal and spatial variation of tornado and severe thunderstorm watch verification. Preprints, 16th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Kananaskis Park, AB, Canada, 294-299.

Weiss, S. J., 1989: An examination of NMC numerical model forecasts of surface (MSL) pressure preceding three cool season severe storm outbreaks. Preprints, 12th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Monterey, CA, 606-611.

Weiss, S. J., 1989: The importance of real-time severe weather reports. NSSFC Operational Notes - June 1989, National Weather Service, National Severe Storms Forecast Center, Kansas City, MO, 2 pp.

Weiss, S. J., 1988: On the relationship between NGM mean relative humidity and the occurrence of severe local storms. Preprints, 15th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Baltimore, MD, J11-J14.

Weiss, S. J.. 1987: An assessment of the NGM four-layer lifted index prognoses of extreme instability. Nat. Wea. Dig., 12, 2, 21-31.

Weiss, S. J., 1987: Some climatological aspects of forecasting tornadoes associated with tropical cyclones. Preprints, 17th Conf. Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Miami, FL, 160-163.

Weiss, S. J.. 1986: An evaluation of NGM lifted index predictions of extreme instability. NWS Central Region Tech. Attachment 86-25, National Weather Service, Central Region Headquarters, Kansas City, MO, 7 pp. (Reprinted as NWS Southern Region Tech. Attachment in 1987).

Weiss, S. J., 1985: On the operational forecasting of tornadoes associated with tropical cyclones. Preprints, 14th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Indianapolis, IN, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 293-296.

Weiss, S. J., and R. M. Reap, 1984: Performance characteristics of the TDL automated severe storm outlook: A statistical evaluation. Preprints, 10th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Clearwater Beach, FL, 181-188.

Ferguson, E. W., J. T. Schaefer, S. J. Weiss, L. F. Wilson, and F. P. Ostby, 1983: Tornado 1982: A near record year. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 1665-1678.

McCann, D. W., E. W. Ferguson, M. D. Mathews, S. J. Weiss, A. L. Siebers, and J. L. Hobson, 1983: Recent technical advances at the National Severe Storms Forecast Center that will improve short-term aviation advisories. Preprints, 9th Conf. Aerospace and Aeronautical Meteorology, Omaha, NE, 101-105.

Ferguson, E. W., J. T. Schaefer, S. J. Weiss, and L. F. Wilson, 1983: The year of the tornado. Weatherwise, 36, 18-27.

Weiss, S. J., 1983: Thunderstorms and aviation: Operational forecasting programs at the National Severe Storms Forecast Center. Proceedings, 21st Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, NV, Amer. Inst. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 19 pp.

Reap, R. M., D. S. Foster, and S. J. Weiss, 1982: Development and evaluation of an automated convective outlook (AC) chart. Preprints, 12th Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, TX, 110-115.

Weiss, S. J., and E. W. Ferguson, 1982: An experiment in medium range quantitative severe local storm forecasting. Preprints, 12th Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, TX, 116-119.

Weiss, S. J., and D. L. Kelly, 1982: An examination of tornado and severe thunderstorm occurrence in relation to lead time of National Weather Service severe local storm watches. Preprints, 12th Conf. Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 463-466.

Reap, R. M., D. S. Foster, and S. J. Weiss, 1981: The experimental convective outlook (AC) chart: Comparative verification and preliminary evaluation. National Weather Service Techniques Development Laboratory Office Note 81-5, 22 pp.

Weiss, S. J., C. A. Doswell III, and F. P. Ostby, 1980: Comments on "Automated 12-36 hour probability forecasts of thunderstorms and severe local storms. J. Appl. Meteor., 19, 1323-1333.

Weiss, S. J., D. L. Kelly, and J. T. Schaefer, 1980: New objective verification techniques at the National Severe Storms Forecast Center. Preprints, 8th Conf. Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Denver CO, 412-419.

Schaefer, J. T., F. P. Ostby, C. A. Doswell III, L. R. Lemon, R. P. McNulty, S. J. Weiss, and L. F. Wilson, 1980: Meeting Review - 11th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Kansas City, MO, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 61, 123-129.

Weiss, S. J., and J. H. Henderson, 1979: Some aspects of NMC model performance during the storm of October 21-23, 1979. NWS Central Region Tech. Attachment 79-15, National Weather Service, Central Region Headquarters, Kansas City, MO, 7 pp.

Pearson, A. and S. J. Weiss, 1979: Some trends in forecast skill at the National Severe Storms Forecast Center. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 60, 319-326.

Weiss, S. J., 1977: Objective verification of the severe weather outlook at the National Severe Storms Forecast Center. Preprints, 10th Conf. Severe Local Storms, Omaha, NE, 395-402.

Weiss, S. J.*, 1973: Structure and movement of the Oklahoma squall line of 14 May 1970. M.S. Thesis, Department of Meteorology, University of California at Los Angeles, CA, 140 pp.

* Author affiliated with the Dept. of Meteorology, University of California at Los Angeles.

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