Sep 24, 2018 1300 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook
Updated: Mon Sep 24 12:55:20 UTC 2018 (20180924 1300Z Day 1 shapefile | 20180924 1300Z Day 1 KML)
Probabilistic to Categorical Outlook Conversion Table
Categorical Graphic
20180924 1300 UTC Day 1 Outlook Graphic
Day 1 Risk Area (sq. mi.) Area Pop. Some Larger Population Centers in Risk Area
MARGINAL 57,867 5,610,543 Nashville, TN...Louisville, KY...Evansville, IN...Clarksville, TN...Murfreesboro, TN...
Probabilistic Tornado Graphic
20180924 1300 UTC Day 1 Tornado Probabilities Graphic
Probability of a tornado within 25 miles of a point.
Hatched Area: 10% or greater probability of EF2 - EF5 tornadoes within 25 miles of a point.
Day 1 Tornado Risk Area (sq. mi.) Area Pop. Some Larger Population Centers in Risk Area
2 % 42,567 5,442,273 Nashville, TN...Louisville, KY...Evansville, IN...Clarksville, TN...Murfreesboro, TN...
Probabilistic Damaging Wind Graphic
20180924 1300 UTC Day 1 Damaging Wind Probabilities Graphic
Probability of damaging thunderstorm winds or wind gusts of 50 knots or higher within 25 miles of a point.
Hatched Area: 10% of greater probability of wind gusts 65 knots or greater within 25 miles of a point.
Day 1 Wind Risk Area (sq. mi.) Area Pop. Some Larger Population Centers in Risk Area
5 % 57,373 5,602,844 Nashville, TN...Louisville, KY...Evansville, IN...Clarksville, TN...Murfreesboro, TN...
Probabilistic Large Hail Graphic
20180924 1300 UTC Day 1 Large Hail Probabilities Graphic
Probability of hail 1" or larger within 25 miles of a point.
Hatched Area: 10% or greater probability of hail 2" or larger within 25 miles of a point.
Day 1 Hail Risk Area (sq. mi.) Area Pop. Some Larger Population Centers in Risk Area
5 % 14,908 166,463 Cheyenne, WY...Scottsbluff, NE...Sterling, CO...Torrington, WY...
   SPC AC 241255

   Day 1 Convective Outlook  
   NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
   0755 AM CDT Mon Sep 24 2018

   Valid 241300Z - 251200Z


   Isolated severe storms are possible across parts of the Tennessee
   and Ohio Valleys, and the north-central High Plains.

   The dominant upper-air feature for this period will be a
   synoptic-scale trough bracketed by broadly cyclonic flow, moving
   eastward across the northern/central Rockies and adjoining High
   Plains.  This trough initially was evident in moisture-channel
   imagery from northern SK across central MT, southern ID, northern
   NV, and north-central CA.  A series of mainly low-amplitude
   shortwaves and vorticity maxima should pivot through the trough at
   substantially faster translational speed than the trough itself.  By
   the end of the period, the trough should reach western MB, western
   Dakotas, Nebraska Panhandle, eastern CO, and northern NM. 
   Meanwhile, a diffuse southern-stream trough -- now located over
   portions of western IL, AR and east TX -- should eject northeastward
   and weaken further, with embedded, convectively induced/enhanced
   vorticity maxima likely becoming the dominant components.

   At the surface, the 11Z analysis showed a wavy, quasistationary and
   gradually weakening frontal zone from eastern NC to middle TN,
   through a weak low over the Arklatex region related to the mid/upper
   perturbation, then across south-central TX.  Frontolysis should
   continue over the lower/middle Mississippi and lower Ohio Valleys
   through the period as the remnants of the low-level baroclinic zone
   shift northward.  Another low was drawn over west-central MN, with
   cold front southwestward across central NE to east-central CO.  By
   00Z this front should reach the MN Arrowhead, northwestern IA,
   southwestern KS, and northeastern NM.  By 12Z it should reach
   central/eastern Lake Superior, northwestern WI, central IA, central
   KS, and east-central NM.  Isolated to widely scattered thunderstorms
   may form along this front this afternoon and evening over parts of
   MN and western WI, but should be subsevere given lack of more robust

   ...TN/OH Valley region...
   Scattered thunderstorms are expected to move northeastward across
   the region today, in and near the outlook area.  The main hazard
   arises from heavy rain, per the moderate risk discussed in the
   latest HPC excessive-rainfall outlook.  However, an isolated
   damaging gust or a brief tornado with an embedded supercell cannot
   be ruled out.

   Rich low-level moisture, with PW commonly in excess of 2 inches and
   surface dew points mid-60s to low-70s F, will remain common over the
   area, along with low LCLs and weak midlevel lapse rates that will
   limit MLCAPE to the 500-1200 J/kg range in most areas.  Low-level
   shear is forecast to remain favorable beneath a 35-45-kt 
   southwesterly LLJ, with some forecast hodographs showing effective
   SRH in the 200-350 J/kg range.  Specific foci for convection in this
   regime appear ambiguous, but are likely to involve:
   1.  Subtle low-level confluence/convergence axes, offering
   sufficient lift for convection amidst weak MLCINH, and
   2.  Mesobeta- to smaller-scale baroclinic zones set up by outflow
   and differential heating behind a swath of convection crossing this
   region this morning.

   ...North-central High Plains...
   Widely scattered thunderstorms are expected to develop this
   afternoon over the foothills and High Plains from northeastern CO to
   southeastern MT and southwestern ND, mainly posing the risk of brief
   and isolated strong gusts or small hail.  The environment for
   activity over much of this corridor will lack either favorable
   buoyancy, inflow-layer moisture or vertical shear.

   However, one area of marginal but sufficient parameter-space
   juxtaposition supporting isolated severe hail/gusts appears to be
   over portions of southeastern WY, perhaps extending into the western
   NE Panhandle and adjoining northeastern CO.  Over this region,
   post-frontal easterlies will converge upslope and into an inverted
   surface trough that already is apparent behind the front, in the
   I-25 corridor of northern CO and southeastern WY.  A corridor of
   diurnal heating may develop behind a swath of morning clouds/precip
   now apparent across this area, and beneath steep lapse rates in the
   700-500-mb layer related to large-scale ascent near the mid/upper
   trough.  This, along with surface dew points generally mid-upper 40s
   F, should lead to MLCAPE near 500 J/kg.  Forecast wind profiles show
   weak near-surface winds, but with enough easterly component to
   enhance storm-relative flow in the boundary layer, beneath a
   45-60-kt cyclonic flow belt in the 300-500-mb layer.  Strong
   deep-layer speed shear with effective-shear magnitudes of 45-55 kt
   will support at least transient supercell potential, and the risk
   for isolated damaging gusts or large hail.

   ..Edwards/Goss.. 09/24/2018