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    Day 2 Outlook >
Oct 23, 2017 0600 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook
Updated: Mon Oct 23 05:58:42 UTC 2017 (Print Version | 20171023 1200Z Day 1 shapefile | 20171023 1200Z Day 1 KML)
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 Forecast Discussion
   SPC AC 230558

   Day 1 Convective Outlook  
   NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
   1258 AM CDT Mon Oct 23 2017

   Valid 231200Z - 241200Z

   ...THERE IS A SLIGHT RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS PORTIONS OF
   THE CAROLINAS AND INTO CENTRAL VIRGINIA...

   ...THERE IS A MARGINAL RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS FROM THE
   DELMARVA AREA SOUTH TO SOUTHEAST GEORGIA AND WEST TO THE
   APPALACHIANS...

   ...SUMMARY...
   Strong/locally severe storms are expected from eastern Georgia to
   the Mid-Atlantic Monday afternoon into the overnight hours. The
   primary threat will be damaging wind gusts, along with potential for
   a few tornadoes.

   ...Synopsis...
   A large upper cyclone with broad/surrounding cyclonic flow is
   progged to become established across the central and eastern U.S.
   today and tonight.  This will occur as two features -- a low moving
   across the mid MS/lower OH/TN Valleys early in the period and a
   short-wave trough digging southeast across the northern and central
   Plains -- gradually coalesce into one larger-scale low.  Either side
   of this large low/trough, highly amplified ridges will likewise
   evolve -- one gradually encompassing much of the West, and a second
   extending from the western Atlantic north across New England into
   eastern Canada.

   At the surface...low pressure initially over the Tennessee Valley
   area is forecast to shift northward and deepen substantially with
   time, reaching the upper Great Lakes as a 985 mb low early Tuesday
   morning.  As the low deepens northward, a trailing cold front is
   forecast to shift east across the southern and central Appalachians
   through the afternoon, and reaching the middle and southern Atlantic
   coasts and crossing north Florida late in the period.

   ...Portions of Virginia/the Carolinas and surrounding areas...
   Scattered to widespread showers and thunderstorms are expected to be
   ongoing near/ahead of the front at the start of the period over the
   mid South and Southeast, spreading northeastward with time into the
   Carolinas and Virginia prior to frontal passage.  Models exhibit
   substantial differences regarding coverage of the pre-frontal
   convection, but at this time it appears that the degree of
   cloudiness/precipitation will be substantial enough to maintain weak
   lapse rates and hinder diurnal heating to at least some degree.  As
   such, CAPE will likely remain limited in many areas to around 500
   J/kg or less -- and in turn therefore limiting overall intensity of
   convection/degree of severe risk.

   With that said, shear profiles should gradually strengthen across
   the region, likely becoming quite supportive of rotating updrafts,
   as 40 to 50 kt southwesterly flow at mid levels spreads atop
   isallobarically backed/enhanced low-level southeasterlies.  Thus --
   with favorable shear but uncertainty with respect to available
   instability, the severe forecast remains conditional upon initiation
   of deeper/robust updrafts.

   At this time, it appears that focused ascent near the front itself
   may promote a band of stronger/forced updrafts on the western edge
   of ongoing/scattered pre-frontal convection.  While some tornado
   risk will exist within the stronger pre-frontal cells, greater
   severe potential -- to include damaging winds in addition to a few
   tornadoes -- will likely evolve within the frontal convective band. 
   This band should evolve/intensify by early to mid afternoon, and
   then shift northeastward across the mid-Atlantic and southeast
   states through the evening and into the overnight hours.  Some risk
   for wind -- with a narrow band of frontal convection that may
   produce little lightning -- may spread across the central
   Appalachians and possibly north of the Mason/Dixon line overnight,
   though greatest severe threat should reside over the Carolinas and
   parts of Virginia as indicated by the slight risk area until
   convection gradually weakens -- and eventually moves offshore --
   through latter stages of the period.

   ..Goss.. 10/23/2017

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   NOTE: THE NEXT DAY 1 OUTLOOK IS SCHEDULED BY 1300Z

        
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